Batrachognathus

Name: Batrachognathus (Frog jaw).
Phonetic: Ba-trak-og-na-fus.
Named By: Anatoly Nicolaevich Ryabinin - 1948.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Pterosauria, Rhamphorhynchoidea, Anurognathidae.
Species: B. volans (type).
Diet: Insectivore.
Size: Wingspan estimated between 50 and 75 centimetres. Skull 48 millimetres long.
Known locations: Kazakhstan, Karatau Mountains, Tien Shan foothills.
Time period: Oxfordian to Kimmeridgian of the Jurassic.
Fossil representation: Incomplete and disarticulated skeleton that includes skull fragments.

       As a member of the Anurognathidae, Batrachognathus is seen as being related to other pterosaurs such as Dendrorhynchoides, Jeholopterus and Anurognathus itself. Unfortunately Batrachognathus has also suffered from being damaged during the fossilisation process with the tall and broad skull being broken into several pieces as it lay under pressure in the lacustrine sediment.
       Back in the Jurassic the area that the Batrachognathus holotype specimen was recovered from would have been a lake environment, and a perfect breeding ground for the insects that would have presumably been the preferred prey of Batrachognathus. Evidence for this feeding style comes from the recurved conical teeth, and the short broad snout making it easier for Batrachognathus to trap flying insects within its maw.



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