Zhongyuansaurus

Name: Zhongyuansaurus ‭(‬Zhongyuan lizard‭)‬.
Phonetic: Zhong-won-sore-us.
Named By: Li Xu,‭ ‬Lu Junchang,‭ ‬Zhang Xingliao,‭ ‬Jia Songhai,‭ ‬Hu Weiyong,‭ ‬Zhang Jiming,‭ ‬Wu Yanhua‭ & ‬Ji Qiang‭ ‬-‭ ‬2007.‭
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Dinosauria,‭ ‬Onithischia,‭ ‬Thyreophora,‭ ‬Ankylosauria,‭ ‬Ankylosauridae,‭ ‬Ankylosaurinae.
Species: Z.‭ ‬luoyangensis‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: ‭ ‬Uncertain.
Known locations: China,‭ ‬Henan Province‭ ‬-‭ ‬Mangchuan Formation.
Time period: Cenomanian to Turonian of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Partial skull and post cranial remains.

       Like with Liaoningosaurus,‭ ‬Zhongyuansaurus was first described as a‭ ‬nodosaurid,‭ ‬but later identified as an ankylosaurid.‭ ‬Further study has identified Zhongyuansaurus as the most basal‭ (‬primitive‭) ‬ankylosaurine,‭ ‬the group of ankylosaurs that contains the more advance forms that began to appear as the Cretaceous progressed.‭ ‬So basal in fact was Zhongyuansaurus,‭ ‬that it didn’t even have the club on the end of its tail that is such a familiar feature for most other ankylosaurine genera.

Further reading
-‭ ‬New nodosaurid ankylosaur from the Cretaceous of Ruyang,‭ ‬Henan Province,‭ ‬Li Xu,‭ ‬Lu Junchang,‭ ‬Zhang Xingliao,‭ ‬Jia Songhai,‭ ‬Hu Weiyong,‭ ‬Zhang Jiming,‭ ‬Wu Yanhua‭ & ‬Ji Qiang‭ ‬-‭ ‬2007.

-‭ ‬Phylogeny of the ankylosaurian dinosaurs‭ (‬Ornithischia:‭ ‬Thyreophora‭)‬,‭ ‬Richard S.‭ ‬Thompson,‭ ‬Jolyon C.‭ ‬Parish,‭ ‬Susannah C.‭ ‬R.‭ ‬Maidment and Paul M.‭ ‬Barrett‭ ‬-‭ ‬2011.

- Ankylosaurs from the Price River Quarries,‭ ‬Cedar Mountain Formation‭ (‬Lower Cretaceous‭)‬,‭ ‬east-central Utah,‭ ‬Kenneth Carpenter,‭ ‬Jeff Bartlett,‭ ‬John Bird‭ & ‬Reese Barrick‭ ‬-‭ ‬2008.



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