Procolophon

Name: Procolophon ‭(‬Before the end‭)‬.
Phonetic: Pro-col-o-fon.
Named By: Ricahrd Owen‭ ‬-‭ ‬1876.
Synonyms: Procolophon baini,‭ ‬Procolophon cuneiceps,‭ ‬Procolophon griersoni,‭ ‬Procolophon laticeps,‭ ‬Procolophon minor,‭ ‬Procolophon platyrhinus,‭ ‬Procolophon sphenorhinus.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Procolophonomorpha,‭ ‬Procolophonidae.
Species: P.‭ ‬trigoniceps‭ (‬type‭)‬.‭ ‬Possibly also P.‭ ‬brasiliensis and P.‭ ‬pricei,‭ ‬though these have been considered to be synonyms to the type species.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: Up to about‭ ‬30‭ ‬centimetres long.
Known locations: Antarctica‭ ‬-‭ ‬Fremouw Formation,‭ ‬Brazil‭ ‬-‭ ‬Sanga do Cabral Formation,‭ ‬and South Africa‭ ‬-‭ ‬Katberg Formation,‭ ‬Normandien Formation.
Time period: Induan to Olenkian of the Triassic.
Fossil representation: Many individuals.

       Procolophon is the type genus of the Procolophonidae,‭ ‬a group of parareptiles that first appeared in the Permian period and survived until at least the late Triassic.‭ ‬Procolophonidae had a fairly squat body with short but powerful limbs.‭ ‬This form is widely believed to have been that of a burrowing lizard which either dug burrows to have a safe retreat from predators,‭ ‬or perhaps dug down to feed upon the roots and tubers of plants.
       The rear of the skull of Procolophon is broad and formed so that it had a rough spikey appearance in life,‭ ‬a feature that is one of the signature features of the Procolophonidae.‭ ‬These growths may have been a form of predator defence or perhaps more simply there for the purpose of display.‭ ‬Later genera such as Hypsognathus would develop the spikes‭ ‬even further,‭ ‬again possibly for the purpose of inter-species recognition.


Further reading
-‭ ‬On the remains of Procolophon in the Albany Museum‭ ‬-‭ ‬Robert Broom‭ ‬-‭ ‬1903.
-‭ ‬Notes on the Localities of some type specimens of the Karroo Fossil Reptiles‭ ‬-‭ ‬Robert Broom‭ ‬-‭ ‬1905.
-‭ ‬The Triassic Reptile Procolophon in Antarctica‭ ‬-‭ ‬E.‭ ‬H.‭ ‬Colbert‭ & ‬J.‭ ‬W.‭ ‬Kitching‭ ‬-‭ ‬1979.
-‭ ‬Procolophon pricei sp.‭ ‬n.,‭ ‬um novo réptil procolofonídeo do Triássico do Rio Grande do Sul‭ ‬-‭ ‬E.‭ ‬L.‭ ‬Lavina‭ ‬-‭ ‬1983.
-‭ ‬Procolophon brasiliensis n.‭ ‬sp.,‭ ‬a new procolophonid reptile from the Lower Triassic of southern Brazil‭ ‬-‭ ‬J.‭ ‬C.‭ ‬Cisneros‭ & ‬C.‭ ‬L.‭ ‬Schultz‭ ‬-‭ ‬2002.
-‭ ‬New basal procolophonid reptile from the Katberg formation‭ (‬Lower Triassic‭) ‬of the South African Karoo‭ ‬-‭ ‬J.‭ ‬C.‭ ‬Cisneros‭ ‬-‭ ‬2008.





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