Named By: de Bonis and Melentis - 1977.
Synonyms: Graecopithecus freybergi, Sivapithecus macedoniensis.
Classification: Chordata, Mammalia, Primates, Hominidae.
Species: O. macedoniensi (type), O. freybergi.
Known locations: Greece.
Time period: Tortonian of the Miocene.
Fossil representation: Few specimens.
is often considered to be a dryopithecine ape (similar to
however there are others who consider Ouranopithecus
to be a member of the Ponginae (orangutan-like apes). Usually
however Ouranopithecus is placed within the
Hominidae due to the shape
and form of the sinuses, although it may also be a late surviving
ancestor of apes and humans.
Ouranopithecus had low molar teeth which had a thick covering of enamel. In depth analysis of the teeth has led palaeontologists to conclude that Ouranopithecus had diet heavy in hard foods items such as nuts and/or tubers. Like with most primates, the teeth exhibit clear signs of sexual dimorphism with males have much larger canine teeth than females.
- Les primates hominoides du Vallésien de Macédoine (Grèce). Étude de la machoire inférieure. - Geobios. 10 (6): 849–855. - Louis de Bonis & J. Melentis - 1977.
- Dental metric variation in early Hominids comparison between Australopithecus afarensis and Ouranopithecus macedoniensis. - Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. Serie III Sciences de la Vie. 292: 263–266. - Louis de Bonis et al. - 1981.
- Ouranopithecus and dating the splitting of extant hominoids. - Comptes Rendus Palevol. 3 (4): 257–264. - Louis de Bonis & George D. Koufos - 2004.
- A new great ape from the lower Miocene of Turkey. - Anthropological Science. 115 (2): 153–158. - Erksin Savas Güleç, Ayla Sevim, Cesur Pehlevan & Ferhat Kaya - 2007.