Indosuchus

Name: Indosuchus ‭(‬Indian crocodile‭)‬.
Phonetic: In-do-soo-kus.
Named By: Charles Alfred Matley‭ & ‬Friedrich von Huene‭ ‬-‭ ‬1933.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Dinosauria,‭ ‬Saurischia,‭ ‬Theropoda,‭ ‬Abelisauridae.
Species: I.‭ ‬raptorius‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Carnivore.
Size: Estimated at‭ ‬6‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: India‭ ‬-‭ ‬Lameta Formation.
Time period: Maastrichtian of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Partial skull remains.

       Although still often regarded as a valid genus,‭ ‬Indosuchus is considered by some to be a nomen dubium.‭ ‬This is because in‭ ‬1933‭ ‬Charles Matley and Friedrich von Huene not only named Indosuchus,‭ ‬but also Indosaurus and Compsosuchus,‭ ‬also from partial remains.‭ ‬Many palaeontologists consider these three genera to possibly be the same genus of dinosaur,‭ ‬but direct comparison is now impossible since the holotype of Indosaurus is now missing.
       Indosuchus is often confused with Indosaurus,‭ ‬not just because of the similar names but the fact that they are both thought to have been abelisaurid theropods.‭ ‬At the time of their descriptions however,‭ ‬abelisaurs were unknown so Matley and von Huene named both of them as allosaurids.‭ ‬The suchus part of Indosuchus is derived from ancient Greek soukhos which means‭ ‘‬crocodile‭’‬.‭ ‬This actually reveals Friedrich von Huene’s preference for naming dinosaurs with the named ending suchus because he thought that crocodiles were more closely related to dinosaurs than lizards,‭ ‬the literal translation of‭ ‘‬saurus‭’ ‬being‭ ‘‬lizard‭’‬.

Further reading
- The Cretaceous Saurischia and Ornithischia of the Central Provinces of India. - Palaeontologica Indica (New Series), Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India 21(1):1-74. - F. von Huene & C. A. Matley - 1933.
- Indosuchus and Indosaurus, Cretaceous carnosaurs from India. - Journal of Paleontology 52(3): 570-580. - Sankar Chatterjee - 1978.



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