Name: Dendromaia ‭(‬Tree mother‭)‬.
Phonetic: Den-dro-my-ah.
Named By: Hillary C.‭ ‬Maddin,‭ ‬Arjan Mann‭ & ‬Brian Hebert‭ ‬-‭ ‬2019.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Synapsida,‭ ‬Eupelycosauria,‭ ‬Varanopidae.
Species: D.‭ ‬unamakiensis‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Insectivore‭?
Size: Roughly estimated between‭ ‬20-30‭ ‬centimetres long.
Known locations: Canada,‭ ‬Nova Scotia‭ ‬-‭ ‬Sydney Mines Formation.
Time period: Moscovian of the Carboniferous.
Fossil representation: Partial remains on a slab.

       With bone features similar to the genus Mycterosaurus,‭ ‬yet different enough to be distinct,‭ ‬Dendromaia is a genus of varanopid pelycosaur that lived in North America during the Carboniferous.‭ ‬Dendromaia was described from the description of two individuals on a fossil bearing rock slab,‭ ‬one large,‭ ‬the other much smaller with slightly differing features.‭ ‬These two individuals might represent adult and juvenile forms,‭ ‬though the smaller one is similar to other genera such as Archaeovenator.
       Because the tail of the larger specimen lays across the smaller one,‭ ‬the describers of the genus came up with the name Dendromaia,‭ ‬meaning‭ ‘‬tree mother‭’‬.‭ ‬This is to reflect the possibility that the individuals on this specimen might be showing a degree of parental care.‭ ‬If that is the correct interpretation,‭ ‬then it would be one of the earliest examples of parental care in animals to appear in the fossil record.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Varanopid from the Carboniferous of Nova Scotia reveals evidence of parental care in amniotes.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Nature Ecology and Evolution‭ ‬4:50-56.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Hillary C.‭ ‬Maddin,‭ ‬Arjan Mann‭ & ‬Brian Hebert‭ ‬-‭ ‬2019.


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