Culebrasuchus

Name: Culebrasuchus ‭(‬Culebra crocodile‭)‬.
Phonetic: Koo-lay-bra-soo-kus.
Named By: A.‭ ‬K.‭ ‬Hastings,‭ ‬J.‭ ‬I.‭ ‬Bloch,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬A.‭ ‬Jaramillo,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬F.‭ ‬Rincon‭ & ‬B.‭ ‬J.‭ ‬Macfadden‭ ‬-‭ ‬2013.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Crocodylomorpha,‭ ‬Crocodilia,‭ ‬Alligatoridae,‭ ‬Caimaninae.
Species: C.‭ ‬mesoamericanus‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Carnivore.
Size: Full size estimated to be about‭ ‬2‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: Panama‭ ‬-‭ ‬Culebra Fromation.
Time period: Burdigalian of the Miocene.
Fossil representation: Skull and three cervical‭ (‬neck‭) ‬vertebra.

       Culebrasuchus is a genus of caiman crocodile that lived in Central America during the early Miocene.‭ ‬The presence of Culebrasuchus in Panama has also led to speculation that North and South America may have been joined much earlier than previous thought,‭ ‬albeit only temporally,‭ ‬though other kinds of caiman are known from slightly older deposits in other parts of South America.‭ ‬There may even have been a series of brief land bridges between North and South America‭ ‬going all the way back to late Cretaceous given the appearance of hadrosaurid dinosaurs in South America during the late Cretaceous,‭ ‬long after the break away from Africa.‭ ‬At the time of writing Culebrasuchus is only known from a skull and a few vertebrae,‭ ‬but when these are scaled to modern forms,‭ ‬an average size of about two meters long can be established for the holotype individual,‭ ‬making Culebrasuchus comparable to the modern caiman forms that we know today.
       Another genus of caiman,‭ ‬Centenariosuchus was named at the same time as Culebrasuchus.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Systematics and biogeography of crocodylians from the Miocene of Panama.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology‭ ‬33‭(‬2‭)‬:239-263‭ ‬-‭ ‬A.‭ ‬K.‭ ‬Hastings,‭ ‬J.‭ ‬I.‭ ‬Bloch,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬A.‭ ‬Jaramillo,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬F.‭ ‬Rincon‭ & ‬B.‭ ‬J.‭ ‬Macfadden‭ ‬-‭ ‬2013.



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