Named By: T. Ringström - 1924.
Classification: Chordata, Mammalia, Perissodactyla, Rhinocerotidae.
Species: C. anderssoni, C. haberi, C. kiliasi, C. kowalevskii, C. licenti, C. persiae, C. samium, C. schlosserim, C. wimani, C. xizangensis, possibly more.
Size: Up to 1.5-1.8 meters tall at the shoulder for the larger species.
Known locations: From Moldova and Russia in Europe, across Asia to China and Vietnam.
Time period: Serravalian of the Miocene through to the Zanclean of the Pliocene.
Fossil representation: Multiple individuals.
is a genus of prehistoric rhinoceros that seems to have had a
geographic distribution spreading across Asia all the way up to Eastern
Europe. Chilotherium had no nasal horns like
rhinoceros are often
portrayed as having, but Chilotherium still
remained quite unique.
Two tusks formed from enlarged incisor teeth rose up from the lower
jaw, and while these tusks were present in male and female
Chilotherium, they seem to have been larger in the
would indicate that the upward facing tusks had a display purpose,
thought he fact that they were also present in females would suggest a
species recognition purpose as well as a possible practical
application. Some species of Chilotherium are
noted as browsers,
while others seem to be dedicated grazers.
A fossil skull of a female Chilotherium has been preserved with partially healed tooth marks that may have been caused by an attacking Dinocrocuta.
- Nashorner der Hipparion-fauna Nord-Chinas. - Palaeontologia Sinica 1 (4): 1–159. - T. Ringström - 1924.
- Sexual Dimorphism in Perissodactyl Rhinocerotid Chilotherium wimani from the Late Miocene of the Linxia Basin (Gansu, China). - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 55 (4): 587–97. - Shaokun Chen, Tao Deng, Sukuan Hou, Qinqin Shi.
- A primitive species of Chilotherium (Perissodactyla, Rhinocerotidae) from the Late Miocene of the Linxia Basin (Gansu, China). - Cainozoic Research 5(1/2):93-102.. - Tao Deng - 2006.