Chilotherium

Name: Chilotherium.
Phonetic: Chy-lo-fee-re-um.
Named By: T.‭ ‬Ringström‭ ‬-‭ ‬1924.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Perissodactyla,‭ ‬Rhinocerotidae.
Species: C.‭ ‬anderssoni,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬haberi,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬kiliasi,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬kowalevskii,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬persiae,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬samium,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬schlosserim,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬wimani,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬xizangensis.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: Up to‭ ‬1.5-1.8‭ ‬meters tall at the shoulder for the larger species.
Known locations: From Moldova and Russia in Europe,‭ ‬across Asia to China and Vietnam.
Time period: Serravalian of the Miocene through to the Zanclean of the Pliocene.
Fossil representation: Multiple individuals.

       Chilotherium is a genus of prehistoric rhinoceros that seems to have had a geographic distribution spreading across Asia all the way up to Eastern Europe.‭ ‬Chilotherium had no nasal horns like rhinoceros are often portrayed as having,‭ ‬but Chilotherium still remained quite unique.‭ ‬Two tusks formed from enlarged incisor teeth rose up from the lower jaw,‭ ‬and while these tusks were present in male and female Chilotherium,‭ ‬they seem to have been larger in the males.‭ ‬This would indicate that the upward facing tusks had a display purpose,‭ ‬thought he fact that they were also present in females would suggest a species recognition purpose as well as a possible practical application.‭ ‬Some species of Chilotherium are noted as browsers,‭ ‬while others seem to be dedicated grazers.
       A fossil skull of a female Chilotherium has been preserved with partially healed tooth marks that may have been caused by an attacking Dinocrocuta.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Nashorner der Hipparion-fauna Nord-Chinas.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Palaeontologia Sinica‭ ‬1‭ (‬4‭)‬:‭ ‬1‭–‬159.‭ ‬-‭ ‬T.‭ ‬Ringström‭ ‬-‭ ‬1924.
- Sexual Dimorphism in Perissodactyl Rhinocerotid Chilotherium wimani from the Late Miocene of the Linxia Basin‭ (‬Gansu,‭ ‬China‭)‬.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Acta Palaeontologica Polonica‭ ‬55‭ (‬4‭)‬:‭ ‬587‭–‬97.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Shaokun Chen,‭ ‬Tao Deng,‭ ‬Sukuan Hou,‭ ‬Qinqin Shi.
- A primitive species of Chilotherium‭ (‬Perissodactyla,‭ ‬Rhinocerotidae‭) ‬from the Late Miocene of the Linxia Basin‭ (‬Gansu,‭ ‬China‭)‬.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Cainozoic Research‭ ‬5‭(‬1/2‭)‬:93-102..‭ ‬-‭ ‬Tao Deng‭ ‬-‭ ‬2006.



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