Bakonydraco

Name: Bakonydraco ‭(‬Bakony dragon‭)‬.
Phonetic: Bah-coe-ny-dray-ko.
Named By: Atilla Ősi,‭ ‬David Weishampel‭ & ‬Jianu Coralia‭ ‬-‭ ‬2005.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Pterosauria,‭ ‬Pterodactyloidea,‭ ‬Azhdarchidae.
Species: B.‭ ‬galaczi‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Type: Uncertain as the incomplete remains point to a wide variety of feeding styles.
Size: 3.5‭ ‬to‭ ‬4‭ ‬meter wingspan.
Known locations: Hungary,‭ ‬Veszprém County,‭ ‬Bakony Mountains‭ ‬-‭ ‬Csehbánya Formation.
Time period: Santonian of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Based upon a partial mandible‭ (‬lower jaw‭)‬.‭ ‬A symphysis,‭ ‬the part where both halves of the lower jaw are fused together at the front has also been attributed to Bakonydraco.‭ ‬Partial material composed of cervical‭ (‬neck‭) ‬vertebrae and wing bones have also been found in proximity to the original find,‭ ‬and may also belong to Bakonydraco.

       To date not much can be revealed about Bakonydraco other than it was almost certainly an azdarchid pterosaur,‭ ‬the group known for having proportionately long necks that also features some of the largest known pterosaurs such as Quetzalcoatlus and Hatzegopteryx.‭ ‬Bakonydraco did still differ from many other azdarchids however by having what appears to have been a tall,‭ ‬deep beak.‭ ‬This has implied a possibly piscivorous specialisation as opposed to a more general carnivore.‭ ‬It has also been suggested that Bakonydraco may have also been a frugivore,‭ ‬feeding upon the fruit from plants.
       Another potential specialisation can be seen in the way that the lower jaw came together towards the tip.‭ ‬The mandible of Bakonydraco is made up of two halves like in other pterosaurs,‭ ‬and indeed most other creatures,‭ ‬but the front half is fused together.‭ ‬When fused the halves also become laterally compressed giving Bakonydraco a flattened‭ '‬spear tip‭' ‬appearance to its front jaw.‭ ‬It is hard to see with certainty how this adaptation helped Bakonydraco as its function is more down to how you interpret it.‭ ‬If Bakonydraco ate fish,‭ ‬the narrow jaw would have reduced water resistance allowing for faster and more precise strikes at prey.‭ ‬Alternatively if Bakonydraco was a frugivore the narrow jaw may have allowed Bakonydraco to pick fruit without the bulk of a larger beak pushing branches out of reach.



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