Amebelodon

Name: Amebelodon ‭(‬Shovel tooth‭)‬.
Phonetic: Am-e-bel-oh-don.
Named By: Erwin Hinckly Barbour‭ ‬-‭ ‬1927.
Synonyms: Amebelodon hicksi,‭ ‬Amebelodon paladentatus,‭ ‬Amebelodon sinclairi,‭ ‬Mastodon grandincisivum,‭ ‬Stegotetrabelodon grandincisivus,‭ ‬Trilophodon hicksi,‭ ‬Trilophodon paladentatus.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Proboscidea,‭ ‬Gomphotheriidae.
Species: A.‭ ‬fricki‭ (‬type‭)‬,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬britti,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬cyrenaicus,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬floridanus.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: About‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long,‭ ‬2.5‭ ‬-‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters tall at the shoulder.
Known locations: ‭M‬ostly known from across the USA.‭ ‬Some remains are also known from Asia and Africa.
Time period: Tortonian to Messinian of the Miocene.‭
Fossil representation: Fossil remains of multiple individuals.

       Like with other gompothere elephants,‭ ‬Amebelodon had two pairs of tusks,‭ ‬one in the upper jaw and one pair in the lower.‭ ‬The lower pair of tusks are of particular interest with this genus since they were shaped to form a shovel-like structure that pointed forwards from the lower jaw.‭ ‬It is widely believed that these tusks were feeding adaptations that allowed Amebelodon to uproot plants and scrape off tree bark.
       Elephants similar to Amebelodon include Platybelodon and Gomphotherium amongst others.

Further reading
-‭ ‬The feeding habits of the shovel-tusked gomphotheres‭ (‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Proboscidea,‭ ‬Gomphotheriidae‭)‬:‭ ‬Evidence from tusk wear patterns,‭ ‬W.‭ ‬D.‭ ‬Lambert‭ ‬-‭ ‬1992.

-‭ ‬Rediagnosis of the genus Amebelodon‭ (‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Proboscidea,‭ ‬Gomphotheriidae‭) ‬with a new subgenus and species,‭ ‬Amebelodon‭ (‬Konobelodon‭) ‬britti,‭ ‬W.‭ ‬D.‭ ‬Lambert‭ ‬-‭ ‬1990.



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