Named By: Douglas A. Lawson - 1975.
Classification: Chordata, Vertebrata, Tetrapoda, Amniota, Reptilia, Diapsida, Archosauria, Avemetatarsalia, Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidia, Azhdarchidae.
Species: Q. northropi (type).
Size: Estimated about 10-11 meter wingspan.
Known locations: U.S.A., Texas, Javelina Formation, Big Bend National Park.
Time period: Maastrichtian of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Two specimens, one considerably smaller.
the ‘feathered serpent’ god of Mesoamerica, Quetzalcoatlus
really soared to the top among popular pterosaurs.
discovered it was thought to have had a fifteen meter wingspan but
further studies have reduced this estimate to eleven meters, although
that’s still huge for a pterosaur. Another revision was the beak in
that it has been learned that it terminated in a sharp point as opposed
to the original blunt edge.
How Quetzalcoatlus fed is open to much debate. Initially it was thought to be a scavenger, but the beak is not suited to the task of stripping flesh from a carcass as the beak did not close completely. The replacement hypothesis was that it skimmed across bodies of water, snatching fish out of the water with its beak as it flew overhead. Although plausible, when the theory was applied to a creature the size of Quetzalcoatlus it was found that it would be too far too much energy expenditure for it to be a viable method of feeding.
A more likely scenario accepted now is that Quetzalcoatlus had a lifestyle similar to that of a stork, perhaps stalking small prey items like lizards and mammals in vegetative growth on the ground, or sitting at the edges of streams and rivers snatching fish and amphibians as they swam by. Such feeding strategies would require very little energy expenditure, making it easier for Quetzalcoatlus to maintain the calorie intake to fuel its body.
- Cranial remains of Quetzalcoatlus (Pterosauria, Azhdarchidae) from Late Cretaceous sediments of Big Bend National Park, Texas. - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 16: 222–231. - A.W.A Kellner & W. Langston - 1996.
- Habitat and behavior of Quetzalcoatlus: paleoenvironmental reconstruction of the Javelina Formation (Upper Cretaceous), Big Bend National Park, Texas - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 18: 48A - T. Lehman & W. Langston Jr. - 1996.
- Did Pterosaurs Feed by Skimming? Physical Modelling and Anatomical Evaluation of an Unusual Feeding Method. - PLoS Biol, 5(8): e204 - S. Humphries, R. H. C. Bonser, M. P. Witton & D. M. Martill - 2007.
- A Reappraisal of Azhdarchid Pterosaur Functional Morphology and Paleoecology - PLoS ONE, 3(5): e2271. - M. P. Witton & D. Naish - 2008.
- On the Size and Flight Diversity of Giant Pterosaurs, the Use of Birds as Pterosaur Analogues and Comments on Pterosaur Flightlessness - PLoS ONE, 5(11): e13982. - M. P. Witton & M. B. Habib - 2010.
- Clipping the Wings of Giant Pterosaurs: Comments on Wingspan Estimations and Diversity - Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 31 Supp.1: 79-81 - M. P. Witton, D. M. Martill & R. F. Loveridge - 2010.