Phonetic: Pan-fe-rah gom-bas-zo-e-jen-sis.
Named By: Miklós Kretzoi - 1938.
Synonyms: Leo gombaszoegensis.
Classification: Chordata, Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae.
Species: P. gombaszoegensis (type)
Size: Up to about 90 centimetres high at the shoulder.
Known locations: Belgium. Bulgaria. Croatia. Czech Republic. England - Cromer Forest Bed Formation. France. Georgia. Germany. Greece. Hungary. Israel - Ubeidiya Formation. Italy. Saudi Arabia. Spain. Tajikistan. Tanzania - Vogel River Series Formation.
Time period: Piacenzian of the Pliocene through to the early Holocene.
Fossil representation: Multiple individuals.
gombaszoegensis, better known as the European Jaguar is an
species of jaguar that once lived across Europe, though earlier
fossils from the Pliocene are known from Tanzania. This hints at an
African origin for the European Jaguar, supported by the presence of
fossils in the Middle East, showing a progression towards modern
Central Asian territories such as Tajikistan and up towards Greece and
across Europe later on.
Most reconstructions of the European Jaguar are based mostly upon observation of living jaguars today which are solitary hunters that live in forests/jungles. However, we cannot be absolutely certain that the European Jaguar only frequented forests.
- Nachweis des Jaguars (Panthera onca gombaszoegensis) aus dem späten Unter- oder frühen Mittelpleistozän der Niederlande. - Deinsea, Annual of the Natural History Museum Rotterdam. P. 47-57. - H. Hemmer & R.-D Kahlke - 2005.
- New record of the European jaguar, Panthera onca gombaszoegensis (Kretzoi, 1938), from the Plio-Pleistocene of Langenboom (The Netherlands). - Cainozoic Research 8 (1-2): 35–40. Retrieved 2015-09-28. - D. Mol, W. van Logchem & J. de Vos - 2011.
- Presence of Panthera gombaszoegensis (Kretzoi, 1938) in the late Middle Pleistocene of Biśnik Cave, Poland, with an overview of Eurasian jaguar size variability. - Quaternary International. 326–327: 105–113. - A. Marciszak - 2014.