Named By: C.-C. Young - 1940.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Dinosauria, Saurischia, Sauropodomorpha, Massospondylidae.
Species: L. huenei (type), L. magnus.
Size: L. huenei about 6 meters long, L. magnus about 9 meters long.
Known locations: China - Lufeng Formation.
Time period: Hettangian/Sinemurian of the Jurassic.
Fossil representation: Remains of numerous individuals representing most parts of the skeleton.
has the honour of being the first dinosaur to ever be assembled and
mounted for display in China, and even today is one of the more
popular exhibits in Chinese natural history displays concerning
dinosaurs. The first species of Lufengosaurus, L.
named in 1940, and a second larger species, L. magnus,
named in 1947. However, L. magnus is often
considered to be
synonymous with L. huenei, though usually the
two are cited as
being separate. Lufengosaurus was more or less a
(sometimes referred to as a prosauropod),
dinosaur, that was at least capable of a bipedal stance. The teeth
of Lufengosaurus are notably sharp, though these
are not necessarily
an indication of a meat eating diet as such teeth are seen in some
modern herbivorous lizards.
Lufengosaurus has a confusing relationship with the genus Gyposaurus. In 1976, Peter Galton considered the species G. sinensis to be a juvenile of Lufengosaurus, something which has led to Gyposaurus sometimes being declared to be a synonym However the type species of Gyposaurus, G. capensis, has already been popularly synonymised with Massospondylus. This means that technically only one species of Gyposaurus could be referred to Lufengosaurus, however, in 2004, Galton and Upchurch considered G. sinensis to actually represent a valid species in its own right, though one that can no longer be called Gyposaurus.
Remains of soft tissues, specifically collagen fibres associated with the ribs have been associated with Lufengosaurus remains. This is a rare glimpse at dinosaur soft tissues, though another example of an increasing number of soft tissue remains that are being found for dinosaurs.
- Preliminary notes on the Lufeng vertebrate fossils. Bulletin of the Geological Society of China 20(3-4):235-239. - C.-C. Young - 1940.
- A complete osteology of Lufengosaurus huenei Young (gen. et sp. nov.) from Lufeng, Yunnan, China. - Palaeontologia Sinica, New Series C 7: 1-59. - C. -C. Young - 1941.
- On Lufengosaurus magnus Young (sp. nov.) and additional finds of Lufengosaurus huenei Young. - Palaeontologia Sinica, New Series C 12: 1-53. - C.-C. Young - 1947.
- Cranial osteology of Lufengosaurus huenei Young (Dinosauria: Prosauropoda) from the Lower Jurassic of Yunnan, People’s Republic of China. - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25(4):806-822. P. M. Barrett, P. Upchurch & W. Xiao-lin - 2005.
- Embryology of Early Jurassic dinosaur from China with evidence of preserved organic remains. - Nature. 496 (7444): 210–214. - Reisz, Robert R., Huang, Timothy D., Roberts, Eric M., Peng, ShinRung, Sullivan, Corwin, Stein, Koen, LeBlanc, Aaron R.H., Shieh, DarBin, Chang, RongSeng, Chiang, ChengCheng, Yang, Chuanwei, and Zhong, Shiming - 2013.
- Evidence of preserved collagen in an Early Jurassic sauropodomorph dinosaur revealed by synchrotron FTIR microspectroscopy. - Nature Communications. 8 (1): 14220. - Yao-Chang Lee, Cheng-Cheng Chiang, Pei-Yu Huang, Chao-Yu Chung, Timothy D. Huang, Chun-Chieh Wang, Ching-Iue Chen, Rong-Seng Chang, Cheng-Hao Liao & Robert R. Reisz - 2017.