Named By: X.-L. Wang & Z.-H. Zhou - 2003.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea, Ornithocheiridae.
Species: L. gui (type).
Size: Up to 5 meter wingspan, Skull 61 centimetres long.
Known locations: China, Liaoning Province - Jiufotang Formation.
Time period: Barremian to Aptian of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Partial skull and post cranial skeleton.
was one of the largest pterosaurs
known from China, and is considered
to be similar to the pterosaur Anhanguera
known from all over the
world. Liaoningopterus had two crests on both the
top of its snout and
lower jaw, similar to Ornithocheirus
which is why Liaoningopterus is
placed within the Ornithocheiridae.
Also like other members of the group, Liaoningopterus had long sharp teeth towards the tips of its jaws, and it is thought that these teeth were used to seize fish out of the water as Liaoningopterus flew over. In fact at eighty-one millimetres, Liaoningopterus has one of the longest teeth of all known pterosaurs. This tooth is in the upper jaw and the fourth from the end of the snout, and is even exceptional in size when compared to the other teeth. Assuming that it is not a freak of nature, this tooth may have been the primary tool employed in prey capture.
- Two new pterodactyloid pterosaurs from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of western Liaoning, China. - Vertebrata PalAsiatica 41(1):34-41. - X.-L. Wang & Z.-H. Zhou - 2003.