Named By: Jourdan - 1862.
Synonyms: Absonodaphoenus, Amphicyon amnicola, Amphicyon lemanensis, Hebucides, Hecubides, Parictis bathygenus.
Classification: Chordata, Mammalia, Carnivora, Caniformia, Amphicyonidae.
Species: C. anubisi, C. caroniavarus, C. euryodon, C. lemanensis, C. idoneus, C. macrodon, C.stenos, C. malasi, C. sinapius.
Size: Weight estimated around 80-85 kilograms.
Known locations: Across Africa, Eurasia and North America.
Time period: Late Chattian of the Oligocene through to the Tortonian of the Miocene.
Fossil representation: Multiple specimens.
Bear dogs can often be divided into North American and Eurasian genera, but Cynelos is one of the few genera that what active across both of these areas as well as Africa, a range proven by the discovery of multiple remains on all of these continents. Because Cynelos was a large Miocene era bear dog, there have been comparisons between it and other large forms such as Amphicyon, indeed, some previously named species of Amphicyon are now included within the Cynelos genus.
- New canidae from the Miocene of Colorado. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 16(21):281-290. - W. D. Matthew - 1902.
- Third contribution to the Snake Creek Fauna. - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 50:59-210. - W. D. Matthew - 1924.
- A Skull of the Immigrant Eurasian Beardog Cynelos (Carnivora, Amphicyonidae) from the Early Miocene of Southern California. - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 35(1). - R. M. Hunt, Jr. & E. Stepleton - 2015.
- New Am-phicyonids (Mammalia, Carnivora) from Moghra, Early Miocene, Egypt, in Bonis L. de & Werdelin L. (eds), Memo-rial to Stéphane Peigné: Carnivores (Hyaenodonta and Carnivora) of the Cenozoic. - Geodiversitas 41 (21): 731-745. - M. Morlo, E. R. Miller, K. Bastl, M. K. AbdelGawad, M. Hamdan, A. L. El-Barkooky & D. Nagel - 2019.
- A new species of the amphicyonid carnivore Cynelos Jourdan, 1862 from the early Miocene of North America, in Bonis L. de & Werdelin L. (eds), Memorial to Stéphane Peigné: Carnivores (Hyaenodonta and Carnivora) of the Cenozoic. - Geodiversitas 42 (5): 57-67. - R. M. Hunt & D. A. Yatkola - 2020.