Cynelos

Name: Cynelos.
Phonetic: Sy-nel-oss.
Named By: Jourdan‭ ‬-‭ ‬1862.
Synonyms: Absonodaphoenus,‭ ‬Amphicyon amnicola,‭ ‬Amphicyon lemanensis,‭ ‬Hebucides,‭ ‬Hecubides,‭ ‬Parictis bathygenus.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Carnivora,‭ ‬Caniformia,‭ ‬Amphicyonidae.
Species: C. anubisi, C.‭ ‬caroniavarus,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬euryodon,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬lemanensis,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬idoneus,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬macrodon,‭ C.stenos, ‬C. malasi, C.‭ ‬sinapius.
Diet: Carnivore.
Size: Weight estimated around‭ ‬80-85‭ ‬kilograms.
Known locations: Across Africa,‭ ‬Eurasia and North America.
Time period: Late Chattian of the Oligocene through to the Tortonian of the Miocene.
Fossil representation: Multiple specimens.




       Bear dogs can often be divided into North American and Eurasian genera,‭ ‬but Cynelos is one of the few genera that what active across both of these areas as well as Africa,‭ ‬a range proven by the discovery of multiple remains on all of these continents.‭ ‬Because Cynelos was a large Miocene era bear dog,‭ ‬there have been comparisons between it and other large forms such as‭ ‬Amphicyon,‭ ‬indeed,‭ ‬some previously named species of Amphicyon are‭ ‬now included within the Cynelos genus.

Further reading
- New canidae from the Miocene of Colorado. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 16(21):281-290. - W. D. Matthew - 1902.
- Third contribution to the Snake Creek Fauna. - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 50:59-210. - W. D. Matthew - 1924.
- A Skull of the Immigrant Eurasian Beardog Cynelos (Carnivora, Amphicyonidae) from the Early Miocene of Southern California. - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 35(1). - R. M. Hunt, Jr. & E. Stepleton - 2015.
- New Am-phicyonids (Mammalia, Carnivora) from Moghra, Early Miocene, Egypt, in Bonis L. de & Werdelin L. (eds), Memo-rial to Stéphane Peigné: Carnivores (Hyaenodonta and Carnivora) of the Cenozoic. - Geodiversitas 41 (21): 731-745. - M. Morlo, E. R. Miller, K. Bastl, M. K. AbdelGawad, M. Hamdan, A. L. El-Barkooky & D. Nagel - 2019.
- A new species of the amphicyonid carnivore Cynelos Jourdan, 1862 from the early Miocene of North America, in Bonis L. de & Werdelin L. (eds), Memorial to Stéphane Peigné: Carnivores (Hyaenodonta and Carnivora) of the Cenozoic. - Geodiversitas 42 (5): 57-67. - R. M. Hunt & D. A. Yatkola - 2020.



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