(Big legged lizard).
Named By: Jain, Kutty, Roy-Chowdhury and Chatterjee - 1975.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Dinosauria, Saurischia, Sauropodomorpha, Sauropoda.
Species: B. tagorei (type).
Size: Around 14 meters long.
Known locations: India.
Time period: Toarcian of the Jurassic.
Fossil representation: Remains of 5 individuals, but so far known only from the post cranial skeleton.
was an Early Jurassic sauropod
that seems to be caught in between other
sauropod forms. The vertebrae of Barapasaurus are
solid which has
seen this sauropod placed within the Cetiosauridae, however the
narrow sacrum is more characteristic of the Vulcanodontidae sauropods.
Palaeontologists are split as to which placement is the most valid
which is why Barapasaurus is credited as
belonging to either one of
Barapasaurus was big for an early sauropod, but the mix of the above characteristics has seen Barapasaurus described as having a more standard sauropod form. More specialised sauropods would not exist in large numbers until the late Jurassic with the appearance of diplodocids like Diplodocus and Apatosaurus, and macronarians like Camarasaurus and Brachiosaurus. Not long after, the titanosaurs evolved from existing sauropods to take developments even further.
- The Sauropod Dinosaur from the Lower Jurassic Kota Formation of India - S. L. Jain, T. S. Kutty, T. Roy-Chowdhury & S. Chatterjee - 1975.
- Some characteristics of Barapasaurus tagorei, a sauropod dinosaur from the Lower Jurassic of Deccan, India - S. L. Jain, T. S. Kutty, T. Roy-Chowdhury & S. Chatterjee - 1979.