Tritylodon

Name: Tritylodon ‭(‬Three cusped teeth‭)‬.
Phonetic: Try-ty-lo-don.
Named By: Richard Owen‭ ‬-‭ ‬1884.
Synonyms: Triglyphus‭‬.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Synapsida,‭ ‬Therapsida,‭ ‬Cynodontia,‭ ‬Tritylodontidae.
Species: T.‭ ‬longaevus‭ (‬type‭)‬,‭ ‬T.‭ ‬maximus.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: About‭ ‬30‭ ‬centimetres long.
Known locations: South Africa‭ ‬-‭ ‬Elliot Formation.‭ ‬Lesotho‭ ‬-‭ ‬Elliot Formation.
Time period: Norian of the Triassic to the Hettangian of the Jurassic.
Fossil representation: Several individuals.

       As far as cynodonts go Tritylodon was fairly unremarkable and very similar to the generic form of other cynodonts.‭ ‬Tritylodon had a round body and short limbs,‭ ‬adaptations for a burrowing lifestyle.‭ ‬Furthermore Tritylodon is noted for having enlarged incisor teeth which still would have been partly visible when the mouth was closed,‭ ‬and like relative tritylodontid genera,‭ ‬Tritylodon is thought to have been herbivorous.
       At the time of writing Tritylodon is only known from South Africa and Lesotho.‭ ‬At least one specimen of Tritylodon is known from the Lower Elliot Formation,‭ ‬placing the earliest appearance of the genus in the late Triassic,‭ ‬while most of the known specimens of Tritylodon are currently known from the Upper Elliot Formation which suggests that the genus became far more widespread during the early Jurassic.‭ ‬Additional remains possibly from the Sinemurian and Pliensbachian further show that as a genus Tritylodon was quite successful.

Further reading
-‭ ‬On the skull and dentition of a Triassic mammal‭ (‬Tritylodon longævus,‭ ‬Owen‭) ‬from South Africa.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society‭ ‬40:146-152.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Ricahrd Owen‭ ‬-‭ ‬1884.
-‭ ‬Sedimentology and vertebrate taphonomy of the Tritylodon Acme Zone:‭ ‬A reworked palaeosol in the Lower Jurassic Elliot Formation,‭ ‬Karoo Supergroup,‭ ‬South Africa.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Palaeogeography,‭ ‬Palaeoclimatology,‭ ‬Palaeoecology‭ ‬131:‭ ‬29‭–‬50.‭ ‬-‭ ‬R.‭ ‬Smith‭ & ‬J.‭ ‬Kitching‭ ‬-‭ ‬1997.



----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Random favourites