Rubidgea

Name: Rubidgea
Phonetic: Roo-bid-gee-ah.
Named By: Robert Broom‭ ‬-‭ ‬1948.
Synonyms: Rubidgea majora,‭ ‬Rubidgea platyrhina.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Synapsida,‭ ‬Therapsida,‭ ‬Gorgonopsia,‭ ‬Gorgonopsidae,‭ ‬Rubidgeinae.
Species: R.‭ ‬atrox‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Carnivore.
Size: About‭ ‬2.4‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: South Africa.
Time period: Wuchiapingian of the Permian.
Fossil representation: Skulls.

       Rubidgea is a genus of gorgonopsid that is known to have lived in South Africa during the Wuchiapingian stage of the Permian.‭ ‬Gorgonopsids are noted for having large canine teeth that projected down from the upper jaw,‭ ‬but Rubidgea seems to have had particularly large canine teeth when compared to other gorgonopsids.‭ ‬These teeth were likely the primary weapons for biting through the tough hides of prey animals to deliver devastating bites.
       In the past Rubidgea was treated as something of a wastebasket taxon with numerous species assigned to the genus.‭ ‬Later study however has now come to the conclusion that only the type species of Rubidgea,‭ ‬R.‭ ‬atrox,‭ ‬is valid,‭ ‬with other species being synonymous with either this type species or other genera.‭ ‬A PHD thesis by Gebauer in‭ ‬2007‭ ‬came to the opinion that the genus Tigrisaurus,‭ ‬and a species of Dinogorgon‭ (‬D.‭ ‬quinquemolaris‭) ‬should be transferred to Rubidgea as synonyms.‭ ‬However at the time of writing‭ (‬2014‭)‬,‭ ‬Dinogorgon quinquemolaris is still commonly treated as a valid species,‭ ‬while Tigrisaurus has been reclassified as a species of Dinogorgon,‭ ‬D.‭ ‬pricei.

Further reading
-‭ ‬A contribution to our knowledge of the vertebrates of the Karroo beds of south Africa.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh,‭ ‬v.‭ ‬61,‭ ‬part‭ ‬2,‭ ‬n.‭ ‬21,‭ ‬p.‭ ‬577-629.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Robert Broom‭ ‬-‭ ‬1948.
-‭ ‬Phylogeny and evolution of the Gorgonopsia with a special reference to the skull and skeleton of GPIT/RE/7113‭ ('‬Aelurognathus‭?' ‬parringtoni‭) [‬Ph.D.‭ ‬thesis‭]‬.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Tübingen:‭ ‬Eberhard-Karls Universität Tübingen.‭ ‬pp.‭ ‬1‭–‬316.‭ ‬-‭ ‬E.‭ ‬V.‭ ‬I.‭ ‬Gebauer‭ ‬-‭ ‬2007.



----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Random favourites