Name: Rhinesuchus‭ (‬Nose crocodile‭)‬.
Phonetic: Rine-su-kus.
Named By: Robert Broom‭ ‬-‭ ‬1908.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Amphibia,‭ ‬Temnospondyli,‭ ‬Stereospondyli,‭ ‬Rhinesuchidae.
Species: R. whaitsi (type), R. beaufortensis, R. broomianus.
Type: Carnivore.
Size: 1‭ ‬-‭ ‬3‭ ‬meteres long.
Known locations: South Africa,‭ ‬Karoo basin.
Time period: Permian.
Fossil representation: Several specimens but some are only fragmentary remains.

       While not the last of the large carnivorous amphibians,‭ ‬Rhinesuchus existed at a time when the majority of the other species became extinct during the Permian-triassic extinction event.‭ ‬After this time the reptiles would become the dominant life forms until the KT extinction.
       The skull on Rhinesuchus had a flat triangular shape with blunt snout similar to some of the other large amphibians and had a palate filled with small sharp teeth suggesting that it hunted fish.‭ ‬Also,‭ ‬the small eyes were on top of the head suggesting that it approached its prey from below.
       It is a popular misconception that Rhinesuchus is named after the Rhine River in Europe, but‭ ‬Rhinesuchus actually gets its name from the Greek word for nose.‭ ‬Two more‭ ‬species,‭ ‬R.‭ ‬africanus and R.‭ ‬wadiai,‭ ‬are considered to be Nomen dubium,‭ ‬while others have been found to be other species.‭ ‬At the time of writing only R.broomianus and R.‭ ‬capensis are recognised.

Further reading
- The Rhinesuchidae and early history of the Stereospondyli (Amphibia: Temnospondyli) at the end of the Palaeozoic. - Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. - C. A. Mariscano, E. Latimer, B. Rubidge & R. M. H. Smith - 2017.


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