Name: Pelorocephalus.
Phonetic: Pel-o-roe-sef-a-lus.
Named By: Cabrera‭ ‬-‭ ‬1944.
Synonyms: Chigutisaurus.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Amphibia,‭ ‬Temnospondyli,‭ ‬Stereospondyli,‭ ‬Chigutisauridae.
Species: P.‭ ‬mendozensis,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬cacheutensis,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬ischigualastensis,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬tenax.
Diet: Carnivore/Piscivore.
Size: About‭ ‬1‭ ‬meter long.
Known locations: Argentina.
Time period: Carnian of the Triassic.
Fossil representation: Many individuals.

       Pelorocephalus lived towards the end of the Triassic,‭ ‬a time just before the temnospondyl amphibians declined to be only a small portion of their former selves.‭ ‬Pelorocephalus was typical of the temnospondyl body type,‭ ‬resembling a large heavily built salamander-like creature that in the instance of Pelorocephalus grew to around one meter long,‭ ‬though there is some variance between the species.‭ ‬With the land dominated by reptiles such as archosaurs,‭ ‬rausuchians and even very primitive dinosaurs,‭ ‬Pelorocephalus would have been restricted to hunting in the water where these other predators could not venture into.
       As a member of the Chigutisauridae,‭ ‬Pelorocephalus is considered to be more closely related to genera such as Compsocerops,‭ ‬Keratobrachyops,‭ ‬Koolasuchus,‭ ‬Kuttycephalus and Siderops.‭ ‬Some genera that are closely related to Pelorocephalus were some of the last temnospondyl amphibians known to have survived,‭ ‬with Siderops living in the Jurassic and Koolasuchus living in the Cretaceous.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Redescription of the skull of the holotype of Pelorocephalus mendozensis Cabrera,‭ ‬1944‭ (‬Amphibia,‭ ‬Temnospondyli‭) ‬Triassic of Cerro Bayo,‭ ‬Province of Mendoza‭ ‬-‭ ‬C.‭ ‬A.‭ ‬Marsicano‭ ‬-‭ ‬1990.


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