Kannemeyeria

Name: Kannemeyeria ‭(‬From Kanne‭)‬.
Phonetic: Kan-eh-my-air-ee-ah.
Named By: Harry Govier Seeley‭ ‬-‭ ‬1908.
Synonyms: Shaanbeikannemeyeria.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Synapsida,‭ ‬Therapsida,‭ ‬Dicynodontia,‭ ‬Kannemeyeriidae.
Species: K.‭ ‬argentinensis,‭ ‬K.‭ ‬erithrea,‭ ‬K.‭ ‬latifrons,‭ ‬K.‭ ‬simocephala,‭ ‬K.‭ ‬simocephalica,‭ ‬K.‭ ‬vanhoepeni.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: 3‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: Africa,‭ ‬Asia,‭ ‬India,‭ ‬South America.
Time period: Olenekian to Anisian of the Triassic.
Fossil representation: Many specimens known.

       The incredibly broad range of Kannemeyeria fossils indicates that it probably had a worldwide distribution,‭ ‬especially across the southern continents.‭ ‬It is unknown how far‭ ‬north the full extent of Kannemeyeria was,‭ ‬but other similar dicynodonts such as Placerias are known from North America.
       Kannemeyeria is what you might call a typical large dicynodont in that it possessed a cropping beak for snipping vegetation as well as two downwards pointing tusks that may have been used for digging up roots and tubers.‭ ‬Kannemeyeria was towards the larger end of the dicynodont size scale,‭ ‬a size that was required to house the extensive digestive system that was required to process plant material.‭ ‬To support this weight and bulk the limb girdles was well developed to allow Kannemeyeria to browse the Triassic plains at a slow but stable gait.
       The skull of Kannemeyeria has large fenestral openings that not only would have significantly reduced the weight of the skull.‭ ‬There are also areas for strong muscle attachment,‭ ‬something that would have provided the beak of Kannemeyeria the ability to shear through the toughest plant material.
       Despite the large size,‭ ‬Kannemeyeria may have been prey to large thecodonts like Erythrosuchus.

Further reading
- The Skull of the Dicynodont Reptile Kannemeyeria. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London - Vol 94, Issue 3, pages 793–826 - Helga S. Pearson M.Sc., F.Z.S - 1924.



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