Name: Hyneria ‭(‬from Hyner‭)‬..
Phonetic: Hy-ne-ree-ah.
Named By: Keith S. Thomson‭ ‬-‭ ‬1968.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Vertebrata,‭ ‬Sarcopterygii,‭ ‬Tetrapodomorpha,‭ ‬Osteolepiformes,‭ ‬Tristichopteridae.
Species: H.‭ lindae (type).
Type: Carnivore/Piscivore.
Size: Most individuals up to 2.5 to 3.7 meters long.
Known locations: USA,‭ ‬Pennsylvania,‭ ‬Red Hill Shale.
Time period: Famennian of the Devonian.
Fossil representation: Several specimens of partial remains.

       As a lobe finned fish,‭ ‬Hyneria would have looked like a larger version of Eusthenopteron.‭ ‬It had powerful fins,‭ ‬but the popularised image of Hyneria using them to crawl across land is to date only speculation.‭ ‬It‭’‬s likely that they would have been of more use while navigating shallow waters and submerged obstacles. In terms of being a predator,‭ ‬Hyneria would have been predators of other fish including sharks as well as temnospondyl amphibians.
       The size of Hyneria has been open to a lot of debate over the years.‭ ‬In the‭ ‬2005‭ ‬series Walking with Monsters Hyneria was portrayed as a five meter long fish,‭ ‬though where this size estimate came from is uncertain,‭ ‬and is also questionable given the that the Walking With...‭ ‬series of shows tend to have a history of‭ ‬overestimating the size of prehistoric creatures‭ (‬such as the portrayal of the pliosaur Liopleurodon being twenty-five meters long when the largest specimen is only seven,‭ ‬or the pterosaur Ornithocheirus presented with a twelve meter wingspan when fossils indicate a six meter wingspan‭)‬.‭ ‬The actual fossils of individual Hyneria actually point to a more modest size of between two and four meters long.‭ ‬If you have come to this page expecting to find a really large lobe-finned fish,‭ ‬then you should check out the genus Rhizodus,‭ ‬a giant six to seven meter long predator.

More information on the above fish can be found on their corresponding pages; Ceratodus, Chinlea, Dipnorhynchus, Dipterus, Eusthenopteron, Gooloogongia, Griphognathus, Gyroptychius, Holoptychius, Hyneria, Macropoma, Mandageria, Osteolepis, Panderichthys, Rhizodus, Strunius, Tiktaalik (upper estimate).

Further reading
-‭ ‬A new Devonian fish‭ (‬Crossopterygii:‭ ‬Rhipidistia‭) ‬considered in relation to the origin of the Amphibia‭ ‬-‭ ‬Keith S.‭ ‬Thompson‭ ‬-‭ ‬1968.
- New data on Hyneria lindae (Sarcopterygii, Tristichopteridae) from the Late Devonian of Pennsylvania, USA. - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 27 (S3). - E. B. Daeschler & N. H. Shubin - 2007.


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