Diademodon

Name: Diademodon.
Phonetic: Di-a-dem-no-don.
Named By: Harry Govier Seeley‭ ‬-‭ ‬1894.
Synonyms: Cragievarus,‭ ‬Diademodon grossarthi,‭ ‬Diademodon mastacus,‭ ‬Diademodon rhodesiensis
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Synapsida,‭ ‬Therapsida,‭ ‬Cynodontia,‭ ‬Diademodontidae.
Species: D.‭ ‬tetragonus‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Ominvore‭?
Size: About‭ ‬2‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: Antarctica‭ ‬-‭ ‬Fremouw Formation.‭ ‬Argentina.‭ ‬Namibia‭ ‬-‭ ‬Omingonde Formation.‭ ‬South Africa‭ ‬-‭ ‬Burgersdorp Formation.‭ ‬Zambia‭ ‬-‭ ‬Ntawere Formation.
Time period: Olenekian to Anisian of the Triassic.
Fossil representation: Remains of many individuals.

       The cynodonts are known to come in a variety of sizes,‭ ‬but at up to two meters in length,‭ ‬Diademodon is easily amongst the largest known cynodonts.‭ ‬Like other cynodonts,‭ ‬Diademodon may have been an omnivore eating both certain parts of plants as well as other animals and carrion.‭ ‬Diademodon lived during the early Triassic,‭ ‬and most of the known fossils are known frim Africa.‭ ‬However,‭ ‬fossils attributed to Diademodon have now also been located in South America and Antarctica,‭ ‬further suggesting that as a genus Diademodon became very successful and widespread.

Further reading
-‭ ‬The palaeoecology of the non-mammalian cynodonts Diademodon and Cynognathus from the Karoo Basin of South Africa,‭ ‬using stable light isotope analysis.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Palaeogeography,‭ ‬Palaeoclimatology,‭ ‬Palaeoecology‭ ‬223‭ (‬3‭–‬4‭)‬:‭ ‬303.‭ ‬-‭ ‬J.‭ ‬Botha,‭ ‬J.‭ ‬Lee-Thorp‭ & ‬A.‭ ‬Chinsamy‭ ‬-‭ ‬2005.
-‭ ‬Diademodon tetragonus Seeley,‭ ‬1894‭ (‬Therapsida:‭ ‬Cynodontia‭) ‬in the Triassic of South America and its biostratigraphic implications.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology‭ ‬29‭ (‬3‭)‬:‭ ‬852.‭ ‬-‭ ‬A.‭ ‬N.‭ ‬G.‭ ‬Martinelli,‭ ‬M.‭ ‬D.‭ ‬L.‭ ‬Fuente‭ & ‬F.‭ ‬Abdala‭ ‬-‭ ‬2009.



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