Named By: J. H. Geisler, R. W. Boessenecker, M. Brown & B. L. Beatty - 2017.
Classification: Chordata, Mammalia, Cetacea, Mysticeti.
Species: C. havensteini (type).
Diet: Uncertain, refer to main text.
Size: Uncertain but possibly up to five metes long.
Known locations: USA - South Carolina - Ashley Formation.
Time period: Oligocene.
Fossil representation: Skull and jaws.
the time of the genus description Coronodon caused
a lot of
excitement, as this genus represent one of the oldest baleen whales
in the fossil record. Baleen whales, also known as mystecetids,
certainly had ancestors that were active predators of other sea
creatures. The teeth of Coronodon are shaped in
such a way that they
could slice through the flesh of large prey, but possibly also trap
smaller organisms like krill. This is because the teeth of Coronodon
are not straight cutting blades, but have cusps that look like
smaller teeth studded along the edge of one large single tooth
This appearance gives rise to the name Coronodon which means ‘crown tooth’, ‘corona’ being the Latin work for ‘crown’. Coronodon is not the only prehistoric whale to have teeth that look like this, but the appearance of Coronodon fossils in Oligocene aged deposits, suggests that Coronodon may have been amongst the first of its kind to adapt them. Later whales would take the development further and become exclusive filter feeders.
- The Origin of Filter Feeding in Whales. - Current Biology 27:1-7. - J. H. Geisler, R. W. Boessenecker, M. Brown & B. L. Beatty - 2017