Charonosaurus

Name: Charonosaurus ‭(‬Charon’s lizard‭)‬.
Phonetic: Kah-ron-o-sore-us.
Named By: Godefroit,‭ ‬Zan‭ & ‬Jin‭ ‬-‭ ‬2000.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Dinosauria,‭ ‬Ornithischia,‭ ‬Ornithopoda,‭ ‬Hadrosauridae,‭ ‬Parasaurolophini.
Species: C.‭ ‬jiayinensis‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: Estimated up to‭ 10 ‬meters long.
Known locations: China‭ ‬-‭ ‬Jilin Province‭ ‬-‭ ‬Yuliangze Formation.
Time period: Late Maastrichtian of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Partial skull and additional post cranial remains later referred to it.

       Charonosaurus is immediately recognisable to its similarity to the better known Parasaurolophus.‭ ‬However Charonosaurus was seems to have been considerably larger than its North American cousin,‭ ‬as well as living later after Parasaurolophus had disappeared in North America.‭ ‬Like with Parasaurolophus,‭ ‬the crest of Charonosaurus is thought to have served both a display and possibly auditory display purpose.‭ ‬Other hadrosaurids from roughly the same location as Charonosaurus include Sahaliyania and Wulagasaurus.‭ ‬Additionally,‭ ‬potential predators of Charonosaurus include the huge Tarbosaurus.
       The Charonosaurus holotype skull was recovered from the southern bank of the Amur River which divides Russia‭ (‬north bank‭) ‬and China.‭ ‬Because of its close proximity to a river,‭ ‬the describers cleverly came up with the name Charonosaurus which means‭ ‘‬Charon’s lizard‭’‬.‭ ‬In Greek Mythhology Charon was the ferryman who transported the souls of deceased from the land of the living across the River Styx into the land of the dead‭ (‬The Ancient Greek practice of placing coins upon the eyes of the deceased was so that they could pay the ferryman‭)‬.‭ ‬Another extinct reptile that shares a similar connection is the elasmosaurid plesiosaur Styxosaurus which was named after the river itself.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Charonosaurus jiayinensis n.‭ ‬g.,‭ ‬n.‭ ‬sp.,‭ ‬a lambeosaurine dinosaur from the Late Maastrichtian of northeastern China,‭ ‬Pascal Godefroit,‭ ‬Zan Shuqin‭ & ‬Jin Liyong‭ ‬-‭ ‬2000.



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