Name: Cascocauda ‭(‬ancient tail‭)‬.
Phonetic: Cas-o-caw-dah.
Named By: Zixiao Yang,‭ ‬Michael J.‭ ‬Benton,‭ ‬David W.‭ ‬E.‭ ‬Hone,‭ ‬Xing Xu,‭ ‬Maria E.‭ ‬Mcnamara‭ & ‬Baoyu Jiang‭ ‬-‭ ‬2022.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Pterosauria,‭ ‬Anurognathidae,‭ ‬Batrachognathinae.
Species: C.‭ ‬rong‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Insectivore‭?
Size: Holotype wingspan‭ ‬434‭ ‬millimetres,‭ ‬though this is a juvenile,‭ ‬and hence not fully grown.
Known locations: China,‭ ‬Hebei Province‭ ‬-‭ ‬Tiaojishan Formation.
Time period: Middle Jurassic.
Fossil representation: Almost complete juvenile individual,‭ ‬featuring preservation of pycnofibres.

       Cascocauda is genus of anurognathid pterosaur that lived in South East Asia during the middle Jurassic.‭ ‬Cascocauda was similar to other anurognathid pterosaurs in that it had a squat body and broad head with large eyes.‭ ‬Analysis of the holotype,‭ ‬shows that Cascocauda also had a fairly thick covering of pycnofibres,‭ ‬but some of these on Cascocauda are different to some with have seen on other pterosaurs.‭ ‬While many of the pycnofibres are fairly simple with gentle curves,‭ ‬other pycnofibres seem to have developed branching.‭ ‬This makes some of the pycnofibres on Cascocauda more similar to some of the primitive feather structures seen on some theropod dinosaurs,‭ ‬something that may be a matter of convergent evolution.
       The describing‭ ‬authors of Cascocauda also analysed what seem to have been melanosomes.‭ ‬This study suggested that in life Cascocauda may have had a reddish-ginger colouration.‭ ‬Furthermore,‭ ‬the holotype individual of Cascocauda was still‭ ‬a juvenile when it died.‭ ‬It is not yet fully known how big Cascocauda grew,‭ ‬or how the body developed and altered as it reached adulthood,‭ ‬if at all.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Allometric analysis sheds light on the systematics and ontogeny of anurognathid pterosaurs.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology‭ ‬-‭ ‬Zixiao Yang,‭ ‬Michael J.‭ ‬Benton,‭ ‬David W.‭ ‬E.‭ ‬Hone,‭ ‬Xing Xu,‭ ‬Maria E.‭ ‬Mcnamara‭ & ‬Baoyu Jiang‭ ‬-‭ ‬2022.


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