Name: Banffia ‭(‬From Banff‭)‬.
Phonetic: Banf-e-ah.
Named By: Charles Walcott‭ ‬-‭ ‬1911.
Classification: Deuterostomia‭?‬,‭ ‬Vetulicolia‭? ‬See main text.
Species: B.‭ ‬constricta‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Uncertain,‭ ‬but possibly a filter or deposit feeder.
Size: Up to‭ ‬10‭ ‬centimetres long.
Known locations: Canada,‭ ‬Alberta‭ ‬-‭ ‬Burgess Shale.
Time period: Cambrian
Fossil representation: Hundreds of individuals preserved flat upon shale.

       There is much on-going uncertainty about exactly what kind of creatures Banffia actually were,‭ ‬and differing opinions place them either within the Arthropoda,‭ ‬Vetulicolia or Urochordata.‭ ‬At up to ten centimetres long,‭ ‬Banffia were quite large when compared to many of the creatures of the Burgess Shale.‭ ‬The body is very interesting because in life it would have been twisted in a clockwise spiral.‭ ‬The body can be equally divided into anterior‭ (‬front‭) ‬and posterior‭ (‬rear‭) ‬sections,‭ ‬the posterior section is also segmented.‭ ‬There are no gills,‭ ‬and an endostyle is also lacking,‭ ‬and aside from what appear to be some antennae,‭ ‬there are no appendages.‭ ‬It is the lack of these diagnostic features which makes it difficult to be certain as to exactly what Banffia were.
       Possible close relatives of Banffia were Skeemella.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Banffia constricta,‭ ‬a putative vetulicolid from the Middle Cambrian Burgess Shale,‭ ‬J.‭ ‬B.‭ ‬Caron‭ ‬-‭ ‬2007.


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