Adocus

Name: Adocus.
Phonetic: Ad-o-kuss.
Named By: Edward Drinker Cope‭ ‬-‭ ‬1868.
Synonyms: Adocus punctatus,‭ ‬Adocus lacer.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Testudines,‭ ‬Cryptodira,‭ ‬Adocidae,‭ ‬Adocinae.
Species: A.‭ ‬beatus (type),‭ ‬A.‭ ‬agilis,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬aksary,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬bossi,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬bostobensis,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬dzhurtasensis,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬firmus,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬foveatus,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬hesperius,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬inexpectatus,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬kirtlandius,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬kizylkumensis,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬lineolatus,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬onerosus,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬orientalis,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬planus,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬pravus,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬sengokuensis,‭ ‬A.‭ ‬syntheticus
Diet: Omnivore.
Size: Shells up to‭ ‬80‭ ‬centimetres long.
Known locations: Canada,‭ ‬Alberta‭ ‬-‭ ‬Dinosaur Park Formation,‭ ‬Foremost Formation,‭ ‬Oldman Formation‭; ‬Saskatchewan‭ ‬-‭ ‬Ravenscrag Formation.‭ ‬China‭ ‬-‭ ‬Youganwo Formation.‭ ‬Japan‭ ‬-‭ ‬Kitadani Formation,‭ ‬Sengoku Formation,‭ ‬Tamagawa Formation.‭ ‬Kazakhstan‭ ‬-‭ ‬Bostobe Formation,‭ ‬Syuksyuk Formation‭ ‬.‭ ‬Mexico‭ ‬-‭ ‬Cerro del Pueblo Formation.‭ ‬Mongolia‭ ‬-‭ ‬Barun Goyot Formation,‭ ‬Baynshire Formation,‭ ‬Dohoin Usu Formation.‭ ‬Tajikistan‭ ‬-‭ ‬Palvantash Formation,‭ ‬Yalovach Formation.‭ ‬USA,‭ ‬Arizona‭ ‬-‭ ‬Fort Crittenden Formation‭; ‬Colorado‭ ‬-‭ ‬Laramie Formation‭; ‬Maryland‭ ‬-Brightseat Formation‭; ‬Missouri‭ ‬-‭ ‬Ripley Formation‭; ‬Montana‭ ‬-‭ ‬Hell Creek Formation,‭ ‬Judith River Formation‭; ‬New Jersey‭ ‬-‭ ‬Hornerstown Formation,‭ ‬Navesink Formation,‭ ‬Marshalltown Formation‭; ‬New Mexico‭ ‬-‭ ‬Fruitland Formation,‭ ‬Kirtland Formation‭; ‬North Carolina‭ ‬-‭ ‬Tar Heel Formation‭; ‬North Dakota‭ ‬-‭ ‬Hell Creek Formation‭; ‬South Carolina‭ ‬-‭ ‬Rhems Formation,‭ ‬Williamsburg Formation‭; ‬South Dakota‭ ‬-‭ ‬Hell Creek Formation‭; ‬Texas‭ ‬-‭ ‬Aguja Formation‭; ‬Utah‭ ‬-‭ ‬Masuk Formation‭; ‬Wyoming‭ ‬-‭ ‬Ferris Formation,‭ ‬Lance Formation.‭ ‬Uzbekistan‭ ‬-‭ ‬Bissekty Formation,‭ ‬Khodzhakul Formation,‭ ‬Sultanbobin Formation.
Time period: Barremian of the Early Cretaceous through to the end of the Oligocene.
Fossil representation: Multiple specimens,‭ ‬some almost complete.

       Adocus is a genus of freshwater cryptodiran turtle that lived in both Asia and North America.‭ ‬Most Canadian and American fossils are confirmed as coming from Cretaceous deposits,‭ ‬however some fossils‭ ‬are determined‭ ‬as coming from‭ ‬deposits after the Cretaceous,‭ ‬with some as recent as the late Oligocene.‭ ‬Adocus is known to have inhabited freshwater where it is thought to have had an omnivorous diet.

Further reading
-‭ ‬On some Cretaceous Reptilia.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia‭ ‬20:233-242.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Edward Drinker Cope‭ ‬-‭ ‬1868.
-‭ ‬Reptilian faunas of the Torrejon,‭ ‬Puerco,‭ ‬and underlying Upper Cretaceous formations of San Juan County,‭ ‬New Mexico.‭ ‬-‭ ‬United States Geological Survey Professional Paper‭ ‬119:1-68.‭ ‬-‭ ‬C.‭ ‬W.‭ ‬Gilmore‭ ‬-‭ ‬1919.
-‭ ‬The skeletal morphology of the Cretaceous cryptodiran turtle,‭ ‬Adocus,‭ ‬and the relationships of the Trionychoidea.‭ ‬-‭ ‬American Museum novitates,‭ ‬no.‭ ‬2941.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Peter Andre Meylan‭ & ‬Eugene S.‭ ‬Gaffney‭ ‬-‭ ‬1989.
-‭ ‬New taxa of Mesozoic turtles from Mongolia.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Fossil Turtle Research‭ ‬1:119-127.‭ ‬-‭ ‬V.‭ ‬B.‭ ‬Sukhanov‭ & ‬P.‭ ‬Narmandakh‭ ‬-‭ ‬2006.
-New Material and a Revision of Turtles of the Genus Adocus‭ (‬Adocidae‭) ‬from the Late Cretaceous of Middle Asia and Kazakhstan.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS Vol.‭ ‬313,‭ ‬No.‭ ‬1,‭ ‬рр.‭ ‬74‭–‬94.‭ ‬-‭ ‬E.‭ ‬V.‭ ‬Syromyatnikova‭ & ‬I.‭ ‬G.‭ ‬Danilov‭ ‬-‭ ‬2009.
-‭ ‬The first‭ ‘‬true‭’ ‬Adocus‭ (‬Testudines,‭ ‬Adocidae‭) ‬from the Paleogene of Asia.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Journal of Vertebrate paleontology‭ ‬-‭ ‬Igor Gennadievich Danilov,‭ ‬Elena Syromyatnikova,‭ ‬Pavel P.‭ ‬Skutschas,‭ ‬T.‭ ‬M.‭ ‬Kodrul‭ & ‬Jianhua Jin‭ ‬-‭ ‬2013.
-‭ ‬A new species of the genus Adocus‭ (‬Adocidae,‭ ‬Testudines‭) ‬from the Lower Cretaceous of Southwest Japan.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Paleontological Research‭ ‬19‭(‬1‭)‬:26-32.‭ ‬-‭ ‬T.‭ ‬Sonoda,‭ ‬R.‭ ‬Hirayama,‭ ‬Y.‭ ‬Okazaki‭ & ‬H.‭ ‬Ando‭ ‬-‭ ‬2015.



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