Name: Protemnodon.
Phonetic: Pro-tem-noe-don.
Named By: Richard Owen‭ ‬1873.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Marsupialia,‭ ‬Diprotodontia,‭ ‬Macropodidae,‭ ‬Macropodinae.
Species: P.‭ ‬anak,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬antaeus,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬buloloensis,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬goliah,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬hopei,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬nombe,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬otibandus,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬parvus,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬snewiki,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬tumbuna.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: Smallest species‭ (‬P.‭ ‬hopei‭) ‬were‭ ‬45‭ ‬kg in weight,‭ ‬larger species approaching‭ ‬110‭ ‬kg in weight.
Known locations: Australia,‭ ‬New South Wales,‭ ‬Queensland,‭ ‬South Australia,‭ ‬Victoria‭ ‬-‭ ‬Jemmys Point Formation,‭ ‬Nelson Bay Formation,‭ ‬Whaler's Bluff Formation.‭ ‬Additionally Papua New Guinea‭ ‬-‭ ‬Otibanda Formation,‭ ‬and Tasmania.
Time period: Zanclean of the Pliocene through to the Tarantian of the Pleistocene.
Fossil representation: Multiple individuals.

       Protemnodon was in essence very much like a wallaby,‭ ‬though much larger in physical size.‭ ‬Protemnodon fossils are also known from Papua New Guinea making this genus one of the most geographically wide ranging genera of wallaby.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Ecological and evolutionary significance of sizes of giant extinct kangaroos‭ ‬-‭ ‬Australian Journal of Zoology‭ ‬54‭ (‬4‭)‬:‭ ‬293‭–‬303‭ ‬-‭ ‬K.‭ ‬M.‭ ‬Helgen,‭ ‬R.‭ ‬T.‭ ‬Wells,‭ ‬B.‭ ‬P.‭ ‬Kear,‭ ‬W.‭ ‬R.‭ ‬Gerdtz‭ & ‬T.‭ ‬F.‭ ‬Flannery‭ ‬-‭ ‬2006.
- Late Pleistocene Australian marsupial DNA clarifies the affinities of extinct megafaunal kangaroos and wallabies. - Molecular Biology and Evolution. 32: 574–584. - Bastien Llamas, Paul Brotherton, Kieren J. Mitchell, Jennifer E.L. Templeton, Vicki A. Thomson, Jessica L. Metcalf, Kyle N. Armstrong, Marta Kasper, Stephen M. Richards, Aaron B. Camens, Michael S.Y. Lee & Alan Cooper - 2014.


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