Name: Pelorovis ‭(‬prodigious/monstrous sheep‭)‬.
Phonetic: Pel-oh-rove-iss.
Named By: Reck‭ ‬-‭ ‬1928.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Artiodactyla,‭ ‬Bovidae.
Species: P.‭ ‬antiquus,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬howelli,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬oldowayensis,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬turkanensis.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: Around‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: Across Africa.
Time period: Very late Pliocene through to the end of the Pleistocene,‭ ‬though some may have survived in Africa to as recently as‭ ‬2000BC.
Fossil representation: Remains of around‭ ‬100‭ ‬individuals,‭ ‬quite possibly more.

       Although the name Pelorovis describes a sheep-like creature,‭ ‬Pelorovis is actually thought to have been more like an African buffalo.‭ ‬At three meters long and with bulls possibly being up‭ ‬to and even beyond two thousand kilograms in weight,‭ ‬Pelorovis is a contender for one of the largest bovine mammals to ever walk the Earth.
       Aside from the huge body,‭ ‬Pelorovis species are famous for their immense horns.‭ ‬The horn cores of these are as much as one meter long,‭ ‬though it‭’‬s important to remember that this is just the core.‭ ‬In life the horns would have been covered by keratin,‭ ‬the same Protein that human finger and toe nails are made from,‭ ‬but a substance that very rarely fossilises.‭ ‬With a covering of keratin surrounding the horn core,‭ ‬the total length of the horns may have been as much as two meters long depending upon the species.‭ ‬In addition the way the horns curve depends upon the species in question.
       For example the horns of Pelorovis antiquus curved down before pointing upwards similar to a water buffalo‭ (‬Bubalus‭) ‬whereas Pelorovis oldowayensis had horns that were the opposite,‭ ‬arching up before curving round to point towards the ground.‭ ‬Others like Pelorovis turkanensis were similar to P.‭ ‬oldowayensis,‭ ‬though not as strongly curved so that they pointed more towards the sides.


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