Name: Minotaurasaurus ‭(‬Man bull lizard‭)‬.
Phonetic: Mi-noe-tore-ah-sore-us.
Named By: Clifford A.‭ ‬Miles‭ & ‬Clark J.‭ ‬Miles‭ ‬-‭ ‬2009.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Dinosauria,‭ ‬Ornithischia,‭ ‬Thyreophora,‭ ‬Ankylosauridae,‭ ‬Ankylosaurinae.
Species: M.‭ ‬ramachandrani‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: Uncertain due to lack of remains.
Known locations: Mongolia,‭ ‬Gobi Desert‭ - Djadochta Formation.
Time period: Late Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Holotype is a skull, second skull now also known.

       Minotaurasaurus was an Asian ankylosaurid dinosaur,‭ ‬presumably of the late Cretaceous.‭ ‬However the skull that makes up the holotype of Minotaurasaurus is more famous for the controversy surrounding it.‭ ‬The skull was purchased from a fossil dealer by Vilayanur S.‭ ‬Ramachandran,‭ ‬who in turn allowed it to be studied by palaeontologists.‭ ‬However at the time it was illegal to export fossils from China‭ (‬which includes Mongolia‭)‬,‭ ‬and some have pointed out that no documentation exists to prove it removed with permission from the Chinese authorities.‭ ‬Ramachandran for his part has stated that he does not mind handing the fossil over to the relevant authorities,‭ ‬but only if it can be proven that the fossil was indeed illegally taken.
       In 2013 a second skull, axis and partial cervical vertebra of Minotaurasaurus were described. These were discovered in the Campanian aged Djadochta (a.k.a. Djadokhta) Formation of the Gobi Desert.

Further reading
-Skull of Minotaurasaurus ramachandrani,‭ ‬a new Cretaceous ankylosaur from the Gobi Desert,‭ ‬Clifford A.‭ ‬Miles‭ & ‬Clark J.‭ ‬Miles‭ ‬-‭ ‬2009.
- New Minotaurasaurus material from the Djodokta Formation establishes new taxonomic and stratigraphic criteria for the taxon. - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Program and Abstracts: 76. - J. Alicea & M. Loewen - 2013.


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