Named By: Peter M. Galton - 1978.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Dinosauria, Ornithischia, Genasauria, Lesothosauridae.
Species: L. diagnosticus (type).
Size: About 1 meter long.
Known locations: South Africa - Upper Elliot Formation.
Time period: Hettangian/Sinemurian of the Jurassic.
Fossil representation: Remains of several individuals.
only a very small dinosaur, Lesothosaurus has
raised a lot of
questions as to exactly what it was and how the genus was related to
other ornithischian dinosaurs. When first described by Galton in
1978, Lesothosaurus was proposed to be an
ornithopod. However the
genus has also been considered to be a very primitive member or the
ornithischia, a primitive neornithischian as well as a very primitive
thyreophoran (the group that stegosaurian
Lesothosaurus has also been considered to be a synonym to the genus Fabrosaurus that was named earlier in 1964. However, since Fabrosaurus was based upon the description of a jawbone and three teeth, it has been extremely hard to establish this with certainty. Another genus called Stormbergia that was named in 2005 has also been speculated to be the fully grown form of Lesothosaurus. If true then Stormbergia would actually be a synonym to Lesothosaurus.
In terms of being a living dinosaur, Lesothosaurus had rear legs that were very long in proportion to their body size, something that leads to the assumption that Lesothosaurus relied upon small size, speed and agility to evade predators such as larger theropod dinosaurs of the saurischian line. The fore limbs were short by comparison to the legs and with small hands, however each hand possessed five fingers, four of which were well developed.
In life Lesothosaurus would have had a keratinous beak formed on the anterior of the upper and lower jaws, and this would have been of use for snipping off plant parts. Within the mouth there were two kinds of teeth, twelve fang-like one in the upper jaw, and leaf-shaped shearing teeth behind them and in the lower jaw. It would be the combination of the horny beak and the up/down shearing action of the teeth which would have been the main food processing areas before food was swallowed.
- Fabrosauridae, the basal family of ornithischian dinosaurs (Reptilia: Ornithischia) - Paläontologische Zeitschrift 52(1/2):138-159 - Peter M. Galton - 1978.
- The 'fabrosaurid' ornithischian dinosaurs of the Upper Elliot Formation (Lower Jurassic) of South Africa and Lesotho - Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 145: 175-218 - R. J. Butler - 2005.
- Ontogenetic change and adult body size of the early ornithischian dinosaur Lesothosaurus diagnosticus: implications for basal ornithischian taxonomy - Gondwana Research. online 17 (1): 171 - F. Knoll, K. Padian & A. de Ricqles - 2009.
- Postcranial anatomy of Lesothosaurus diagnosticus (Dinosauria: Ornithischia) from the Lower Jurassic of southern Africa: implications for basal ornithischian taxonomy and systematics. - Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. - Matthew G. Baron, David B. Norman & Paul M. Barrett - 2016.
- Digital reconstruction of the mandible of an adult Lesothosaurus diagnosticus with insight into the tooth replacement process and diet. - PeerJ, 5: e3054. - L. Sciscio, F. Knoll, E. M. Bordy, M. O. de Kock & R. Redelstorff - 2017.