Name: Ictitherium.
Phonetic: Ik-tee-fee-ree-um.
Named By: Wagner‭ ‬-‭ ‬1848.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Carnivora,‭ ‬Hyaenidae,‭ ‬Ictitheriinae.
Species: I.‭ ‬viverrinum‭ (‬type‭)‬,‭ ‬I.‭ m‬syvalense.‭ ‬Possibly also I.‭ ‬arambourgi,‭ ‬I.‭ ‬gaudryi,‭ ‬I.‭ ‬hipparionum,‭ ‬I.‭ ‬orbingyi,‭ ‬I.‭ ‬sinence,‭ ‬I.‭ ‬preforfex.
Diet: Carnivore.
Size: Around‭ ‬1.2‭ ‬meters long,‭ ‬60‭ ‬centimetres at the shoulder.
Known locations: Across Eurasia‭ (‬Including Afghanistan,‭ ‬China,‭ ‬France,‭ ‬Greece,‭ ‬Krygystan,‭ ‬Moldova,‭ ‬Russia,‭ ‬Tajikistan,‭ ‬Turkey,‭ ‬Ukraine‭)‬ as well as parts of Africa‭ (‬Chad,‭ ‬Kenya,‭ ‬Morocco,‭ ‬South Africa‭)‬.
Time period: Serravallian through to Messinian of the Miocene.
Fossil representation: Well over thirty individuals.

       With is slender body,‭ ‬proportionately short legs and teeth suited more for an insectivorous diet,‭ ‬Ictitherium was more like a civet.‭ ‬However this predator was actually one of‭ ‬the first hyenas even though it still had a long way to go to developing the immense bone crushing bite of modern hyenas.‭ ‬Ictitherium is also speculated to have lived in social groups,‭ ‬a theory based upon the discovery of multiple individual Ictitherium being found together.‭ ‬If this interpretation is correct then Ictitherium would be one of the earliest definitively proven examples of social living in carnivoran mammals so far known.‭ ‬Additionally by going around in large numbers they may have been able to survive amongst other predators such as the larger barbourofelids and amphicyonids.

Further reading
- Notices of new and other Vertebrata from Indian Tertiary and Secondary rocks. - Records of the Geological Survey of India 10(1):30-43. - R. Lydekker - 1877.


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