Name: Heleosaurus Hel-e-o-sore-us.
Phonetic: Robert Broom‭ ‬-‭ ‬1908.
Named By: Robert Broom‭ ‬-‭ ‬1908.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Synapsida,‭ ‬Eupelycosauria,‭ ‬Varanopidae,‭ ‬Mycterosaurinae.
Species: H.‭ ‬scholtzi‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Carnivore/insectivore.
Size: About‭ ‬50‭ ‬centimetres long.
Known locations: South Africa‭ ‬-‭ ‬Abrahamskraal Formation.
Time period: Capitanian of the Permian.
Fossil representation: Partial remains.

       Originally thought to be a diapsid reptile,‭ ‬Heleosaurus was later realised to be a varanopid pelycosaur. Heleosaurus would have been a predator of other small animals.

Further reading
-‭ ‬On Some New Fossil Reptiles from the Karroo Beds of Victoria West,‭ ‬South Africa.‭ ‬Transactions of the South African Philosophical Society‭ ‬18:31-42-‭ ‬Robert Broom‭ ‬-‭ ‬1908.
-‭ ‬Heleosaurus scholtzi from the Permian of South Africa:‭ ‬a varanopid synapsid,‭ ‬not a diapsid reptile.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology‭ ‬27‭ (‬3‭)‬:‭ ‬734-739.‭ ‬-‭ ‬R.‭ ‬R.‭ ‬Reisz‭ & ‬S.‭ ‬P.‭ ‬Modesto‭ ‬-‭ ‬2007.
- Anatomy and Relationships of the Middle Permian Varanopid Heleosaurus scholtzi Based on a Social Aggregation from the Karoo Basin of South Africa. - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29.2 (2009): 389-400. - Jennifer Botha-Brink & Sean P. Modesto - 2009.


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