Named By: Rinchen Barsbold - 1981.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Dinosauria, Saurischia, Theropoda, Maniraptoriformes, Ornithomimosauria.
Species: G. brevipes (type).
Diet: Uncertain, but usually thought to be an omnivore.
Size: Estimated around 3.5 to 4 meters long.
Known locations: Mongolia - Bayan Shireh Formation.
Time period: Cenomanian to Santonian or Turonian to Campanian of the Cretaceous. At the time of writing there is some confusion regarding the age of the Bayan Shireh Formation. See main text for details.
Fossil representation: Skull and partial post cranial skeleton.
is considered to be an ornithomimosaur,
but unlike others of its kind
it had shorter ilia, the legs were shorter and the muscles not as
well developed. This has led to speculation that Garudimimus
have actually been quite slow for an ornithomimosaur, although it
could still probably out pace a human runner with ease. The feet of
Garudimimus also had four toes rather than the
‘normal’ three of
other ornithomimosaurs. It is uncertain how these features affected
its life, but scleral rings (the bony rings that were within the
eyes) in Garudimimus are of the kind that suggest
it was a cathemeral
dinosaur, active for short periods during both day and night. Early
reconstructions of Garudimimus gave it a short horn
on top of its skull
in front of the eyes, but this has now been discovered to be a
fragment of the skull that had broken loose. For a primitive
ornithomimosaur that really did have a skull crest, see Pelicanimimus.
There is some confusion regarding the exact age of the Bayan Shireh Formation which means that Garudimimus has been credited with living in both the Cenomanian and Campanian periods of the late Cretaceous. Magnetostratigraphy of the Bayan Shireh Formation suggests the earlier estimate, but dinosaurs known from the formation contradict this. One example is the tyrannosaur Alectrosaurus which is known from this formation but also has remains from the Iren Dabasu Formation which is seen as Campanian of the Cretaceous. Assuming that no mistake has been made with the assignment of this material this would suggest a Campanian time period for Garudimimus.
(with new discoveries this list is likely to change)
Archaeornithomimus (Ancient bird mimic)
Beishanlong (Beishan/White mountains dragon)
Deinocheirus (Terrible hand)
Gallimimus (Chicken mimic)
Garudimimus (Garuda mimic)
Harpymimus (Harpy mimic)
Kinnareemimus (Kinnaree mimic)
Ornithomimus (Bird mimic)
Pelecanimimus (Pelican mimic)
Qiupalong (Qiupa dragon)
Shenzhousaurus (Shenzhous lizard)
Sinornithomimus (Chinese bird mimic)
Struthiomimus (Ostrich mimic)
- Bezzubyye khishchnyye dinozavry Mongolii [Toothless carnivorous dinosaurs of Mongolia]. - Sovmestnaia Sovetsko-Mongol’skaia Paleontologicheskaia Ekspeditsiia Trudy 15:28-39. - R. Barsbold - 1981.
- Reexamination of a primitive ornithomimosaur, Garudimimus brevipes Barsbold, 1981 (Dinosauria:Theropoda), from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia. - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 42: 1501–1521. - Y. Kobayashi & R. Barsbold - 2005.
- Retrodeformation and muscular reconstruction of ornithomimosaurian dinosaur crania. - PeerJ. 3: e1093. - A. R. Cuff & E. J. Rayfield - 2015.