Named By: Jennifer A. Clack - 1998.
Classification: Chordata, Tetrapoda, Loxommatidae.
Species: E. melanolimnetes (type).
Size: Known skulls range between 3 and 9 centimetres long.
Known locations: Scotland.
Time period: Visean of the Carboniferous.
Fossil representation: Partial skeleton.
The discoverer had a bit of fun with this as Eucritta melanolimnetes translates to ‘creature from the black lagoon’. Unlike its more famous Hollywood name sake who was depicted as a humanoid, Eucritta was a tiny predator that hunted insects. Eucritta superficially seems to be like other primitive amphibians but has also developed a palate, a reptilian characteristic. This mix of characteristics makes determining Eucritta’s phylogenetic position awkward.
- A new Early Carboniferous tetrapod with a mélange of crown-group characters. Nature 394:66-69. - J. A. Clack - 1998.
- Eucritta melanolimnetes from the Early Carboniferous of Scotland, a stem tetrapod showing a mosaic of characteristics. - Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 92 (1): 75–95. - J. A. Clack - 2001.