Named By: Robert Broom - 1905.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Archosauriformes, Erythrosuchidae.
Species: E. africanus (type).
Size: 5 meters long. Skull up to one meter long.
Known locations: Locations: South Africa.
Time period: Early Triassic.
Fossil representation: Several specimens.
large size of Erythrosuchus meant that it was an
apex predator capable
of tackling large herbivores such as Kannemeyeria
were active in at the same time and location. Erythrosuchus
probably a relatively slow moving predator, although given the types
of large prey available, speed would not have been necessary for
capture. The proportionately large jaws contained sharp conical
teeth, perfect for delivering large and crippling bites.
The ankles of Erythrosuchus show a development towards a digitigrade method of walking, essentially balancing the body on the toes rather than the whole foot. This makes Erythrosuchus similar to the more well-known Euparkeria even though there is a massive size difference between these two thecodonts.
- Notice of some new fossil reptiles from the Karroo Beds of South Africa. - Records of the Albany Museum 1(5):331-337.- Robert Broom - 1905.
- Über Erythrosuchus, vertreter der neuen reptil-ordnung Pelycosimia. - Geologische und Paläontologische Abhandlungen, N.F. 10: 67–122. - F. von Huene - 1911.
- The pes of Erythrosuchus africanus Broom. - Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 62 (2): 161–177. - A. R. I. Cruickshank - 1978.
- Phylogeny of the Erythrosuchidae. - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 12 (1): 93–102. - J. M. Parrish - 1992.
- The braincase of the early archosaurian reptile Erythrosuchus africanus. - Journal of Zoology 242 (3): 557–576. - D. J. Gower - 1997.