Named By: Godefroit, Zan & Jin - 2000.
Classification: Chordata, Reptilia, Dinosauria, Ornithischia, Ornithopoda, Hadrosauridae, Parasaurolophini.
Species: C. jiayinensis (type).
Size: Estimated up to 10 meters long.
Known locations: China - Jilin Province - Yuliangze Formation.
Time period: Late Maastrichtian of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Partial skull and additional post cranial remains later referred to it.
is immediately recognisable to its similarity to the better known
However Charonosaurus was seems to have been
considerably larger than its North American cousin, as well as living
later after Parasaurolophus had disappeared in
North America. Like
with Parasaurolophus, the crest of Charonosaurus
is thought to have
served both a display and possibly auditory display purpose. Other
from roughly the same location as Charonosaurus
Additionally, potential predators of
Charonosaurus include the huge Tarbosaurus.
The Charonosaurus holotype skull was recovered from the southern bank of the Amur River which divides Russia (north bank) and China. Because of its close proximity to a river, the describers cleverly came up with the name Charonosaurus which means ‘Charon’s lizard’. In Greek Mythhology Charon was the ferryman who transported the souls of deceased from the land of the living across the River Styx into the land of the dead (The Ancient Greek practice of placing coins upon the eyes of the deceased was so that they could pay the ferryman). Another extinct reptile that shares a similar connection is the elasmosaurid plesiosaur Styxosaurus which was named after the river itself.
- Charonosaurus jiayinensis n. g., n. sp., a lambeosaurine dinosaur from the Late Maastrichtian of northeastern China, Pascal Godefroit, Zan Shuqin & Jin Liyong - 2000.