Named By: Colbert - 1937.
Synonyms: Dyscritochoerus. Possibly also Eoentelodon.
Classification: Chordata, Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Entelodontidae.
Species: B. wyomingensis (type), B. neimonngoliensis, B. trofimovi, B. viensis.
Known locations: North America and possibly parts of Asia.
Time period: Lutetian to Bartonian of the Eocene.
Fossil representation: Several specimens
Brachyhyops was an early entelodont that roamed across North America long before the emergence of large entelodonts such as Daeodon. There is some confusion about Brachyhyops however regarding another genus called Eoentelodon from Asia. In 2004 Eoentelodon was found to the same genus as Brachyhyops in a study by Lucas and Emry, however a counter to this idea came in 2007 when I. Vislobokova found Eoentelodon to be different. Researchers are currently split as to which theory is correct, something that adds to the confusion to the validity of Eoentelodon, as well as the amount of fossils that can be attributed to Brachyhyops.
- Brachyhyops, a new bunodont artiodactyls from Beaver Divide, Wyoming: Annals of the Carnegie Museum. Vol. 27. 87-108. - E. H. Colbert - 1938.
- The entelodont Brachyhyops (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from the upper Eocene of Flagstaff Rim, Wyoming. - New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin, no. 26, p. 97-100. - S. G. Lucas & R. J. Emry - 2004.
- The Entelodontid Artiodactyl Fauna from the Eocene Ergilin Dzo Formation of Mongolia with Comments on Brachyhyops and the Khoer Dzan Locality. - Paleontological Research, 15(4):258-268. - T. Tsubamoto, M. Saneyoshi, M. Watabe, K. Tsogbataar & B. Mainbayar - 2011.