Youngina

Name: Youngina.
Phonetic: Yun-gyn-ah.
Named By: Robert Broom‭ ‬-‭ ‬1914.
Synonyms: Acanthotoposaurus.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Diapsida,‭ ‬Neodiapsida,‭ ‬Younginidae.
Species: Y.‭ ‬capensis‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Insectivore/Carnivore.
Size: Skull up to‭ ‬7‭ ‬centimetres long.‭ ‬Body roughly estimated at around‭ ‬1.4‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: South Africa‭ ‬-‭ ‬Balfour Formation‭ & ‬Teekloof Formation.
Time period: Wuchiapingian to Changhsingian of the Permian.
Fossil representation: A few individuals.

       Youngina is a genus of diapsid reptile that lived in what is now South Africa during the late Permian.‭ ‬The skull is roughly triangular with a snout that is about half the total length of the skull.‭ ‬The teeth are conical and well developed,‭ ‬and may have been used for killing larger invertebrates and small vertebrates.

Further reading
-‭ ‬A new Thecodont Reptile‭ ‬-‭ ‬Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London‭ ‬1914:1072-1077‭ ‬-‭ ‬Robert Broom‭ ‬-‭ ‬1914.
-‭ ‬Notes on the skull of Youngina capensis Broom‭ ‬-‭ ‬Journal of Geology,‭ ‬44‭ (‬4‭)‬:‭ ‬523-533‭ ‬-‭ ‬E.‭ ‬C.‭ ‬Olsen‭ ‬-‭ ‬1936.
-‭ ‬The morphology and relationships of Youngina capensis Broom and Prolacerta broomi Parrington‭ ‬-‭ ‬Palaeontologia Africana,‭ ‬18:89-131‭ ‬-‭ ‬C.‭ ‬E.‭ ‬Gow‭ ‬-‭ ‬1975.
-‭ ‬The braincase of Youngina capensis‭ (‬Reptilia:‭ ‬Diapsida‭; ‬Permian‭)‬,‭ ‬N.‭ ‬Jahrb.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Geol.‭ ‬Paläont.‭ ‬Monats.‭ ‬1984:‭ ‬193-203‭ ‬-‭ ‬S.‭ ‬E.‭ ‬Evans‭ ‬-‭ ‬1987.
-‭ ‬Acanthotoposaurus bremneri and the origin of the Triassic archosauromorphreptile fauna of South Africa‭ ‬-‭ ‬South African journal of science,‭ ‬vol.‭ ‬96,‭ ‬no.‭ ‬8.‭ ‬-‭ ‬R.‭ ‬R.‭ ‬Reisz,‭ ‬S.‭ ‬P.‭ ‬Modesto‭ & ‬D.‭ ‬Scott‭ ‬-‭ ‬2000.
-‭ ‬The enigmatic diapsid Acerosodontosaurus piveteaui‭ (‬Reptilia:‭ ‬Neodiapsida‭) ‬from the Upper Permian of Madagascar and the paraphyly of‭ "‬younginiform‭" ‬reptiles‭ ‬-‭ ‬Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences,‭ ‬46‭ (‬9‭)‬:‭ ‬651-661‭ ‬-‭ ‬Bickelmann,‭ ‬Müller‭ & ‬Reisz‭ ‬-‭ ‬2009.
-‭ ‬The braincase of Youngina capensis‭ (‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Diapsida‭)‬:‭ ‬New insights from high-resolution CT scanning of the holotype.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Paleonotologica Electronica‭ ‬13‭(‬3‭) ‬-‭ ‬N‭ ‬.‭ ‬M.‭ ‬Gardner,‭ ‬C.‭ ‬M.‭ ‬Holliday‭ & ‬F.‭ ‬R.‭ ‬O'Keefe‭ ‬-‭ ‬2010.



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