Xenoceratops

Name: Xenoceratops ‭(‬Alien horned face‭)‬.
Phonetic: Zee-noe-seh-rah-tops.
Named By: M.‭ ‬J.‭ ‬Ryan,‭ ‬D.‭ ‬C.‭ ‬Evans‭ & ‬K.‭ ‬M.‭ ‬Shepherd‭ ‬-‭ ‬2012.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Dinosauria,‭ ‬Ornithischia,‭ ‬Ceratopsia,‭ ‬Ceratopsidae,‭ ‬Centrosaurinae.
Species: X.‭ ‬foremostensis‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: Estimated around‭ ‬6‭ ‬meters long,‭ ‬but lack of remains make this figure open to change.
Known locations: Canada,‭ ‬Alberta‭ ‬-‭ ‬Foremost Formation.
Time period: Campanian of the Cretaceous.
Fossil representation: Partial frill and horn material of what seems to be from at least three individuals.

       Described from remains that were recovered from a bone bed,‭ ‬Xenoceratops was labelled by some writers as the ancestor to the world famous Triceratops.‭ ‬In actuality however Xenoceratops is considered to be a member of the centrosaurinae,‭ ‬one of the two main groups of ceratopsian dinosaurs that include the small frilled but large/many horned varieties of these distinctive dinosaurs.‭ ‬Triceratops by contrast is believed to have had its ancestral origins within the chasmosaurine group.‭ ‬However,‭ ‬because Xenoceratops has been described upon very incomplete fossil material,‭ ‬further discoveries,‭ ‬if they happen,‭ ‬may lead palaeontologists to think in a different direction.
       The actual importance of Xenoceratops actually comes from the fact that it comes from a seventy-eight million year old deposit.‭ ‬At the time of its discovery‭ (‬and writing of this article‭) ‬this makes Xenoceratops the oldest known horned dinosaur from Canada.‭ ‬Xenoceratops is not however the oldest known horned dinosaur from North America,‭ ‬that title is held by Zuniceratops from the United States.
       The genus name Xenoceratops loosely translates as‭ ‘‬alien horned face‭’ ‬while the species name means‭ ‘‬from Foremost‭’‬,‭ ‬a nearby village where the type remains were discovered.

Further reading
A new ceratopsid from the Foremost Formation‭ (‬middle Campanian‭) ‬of Alberta,‭ ‬M.‭ ‬J.‭ ‬Ryan,‭ ‬D.‭ ‬C.‭ ‬Evans,‭ ‬K.‭ ‬M.‭ ‬Shepherd‭ ‬-‭ ‬2012. [here]




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