Name: Tapinocephalus ‭(‬Humble head‭)‬.
Phonetic: Tap-in-o-sef-a-lus.
Named By: Richard Owen‭ ‬-‭ ‬1876.
Synonyms: Phocosaurus,‭ ‬Tapinocephalus atherstonii,‭ ‬Taurops.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Synapsida,Therapsida,‭ ‬Dinocephalia,‭ ‬Tapinocephalidae.
Species: T.‭ ‬atherstonei‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: About‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long,‭ ‬maybe slightly larger.
Known locations: South Africa,‭ ‬Karoo‭ ‬-‭ ‬Lower Beaufort Beds.
Time period: Capitanian of the Permian.
Fossil representation: Numerous skulls and post cranial remains from many individuals.

       Fossils of the dinocephalian genus Tapinocephalus are fairly common within the‭ ‬Lower Beaufort Beds,‭ ‬that the location where fossils of the genus are known is actually called the Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone.‭ ‬Tapinocephalus seems to have been a successful genus of Tapinocephalus given the large number of remains,‭ ‬and superficially the genus resembles Moschops.‭ ‬In fact Moschops is known from the same formation as Tapinocephalus.‭ ‬Other dinocephalians from the same location as Tapinocephalus include Titanosuchus,‭ ‬Styracocephalus,‭ ‬Jonkeria and Anteosaurus amongst many others.‭ ‬Other kinds of animals include the biarmosuchians Hipposaurus and Bullacephalus,‭ ‬the gorgonosid Eoarctops,‭ ‬and the parareptile Eunotosaurus.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Evidences of Theriodonts in Permian Deposits elsewhere than in South Africa.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London,‭ ‬v.‭ ‬32,‭ ‬p.‭ ‬352-363.‭ ‬Richard Owen‭ ‬-‭ ‬1876.
-‭ ‬The skull of Tapinocephalus and its near relatives.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Annals of the South African Museum,‭ ‬43‭ ‬Part‭ ‬3‭ ‬pp.‭ ‬137-169,‭ ‬17‭ ‬figs,‭ ‬plate‭ ‬4.‭ ‬-‭ ‬L.‭ ‬D.‭ ‬Boonstra‭ ‬-‭ ‬1956.


Random favourites