Name: Tapinocaninus ‭(‬Humble canine‭)‬.
Phonetic: Tap-in-o-can-e-nus.
Named By: B.‭ ‬S.‭ ‬Rubidge‭ ‬-‭ ‬1991.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Synapsida,‭ ‬Therapsida,‭ ‬Dinocephalia,‭ ‬Tapinocephalidae.
Species: T.‭ ‬pamelae‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: Skull about‭ ‬50‭ ‬centimetres long.‭ ‬Total‭ ‬body length estimated up to about‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: South Africa.
Time period: Wordian of the Permian.
Fossil representation: Skulls and mandibles‭ (‬lower jaws‭)‬.

       Though at the time of writing only known from skulls and jaw bones,‭ ‬it is clear that‭ ‬Tapinocaninus would have been a large dinocephalian therapsid given that the skull alone is some fifty centimetres long.‭ ‬Tapinocaninus is noted for having enlarged teeth that in the front portion of the mouth were angled to project slightly forwards.‭ ‬Though this might look scary,‭ ‬if the other similar dinocephalians are anything to go by,‭ ‬Tapinocaninus was most likely an herbivore,‭ ‬and used the teeth to uproot tough plants.

Further reading
A new Primitive Dinocephalian Mammal-Like Reptile from the Permian of Southern Africa.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Palaeontology vol‭ ‬34,‭ ‬3.‭ ‬-‭ ‬B.‭ ‬S.‭ ‬Rubidge‭ ‬-‭ ‬1991.


Random favourites