Name: Struthiocephalus ‭(‬Ostrich head‭)‬.
Phonetic: Stru-fe-o-sef-ah-luss.
Named By: Sidney H.‭ ‬Haughton‭ ‬-‭ ‬1915.
Synonyms: Moschosaurus,‭ ‬Struthiocephalellus,‭ ‬Struthiocephaloides,‭ ‬Struthionops,‭ ‬Taurocephalus
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Synapsida,‭ ‬Therapsida,‭ ‬Dinocephalia,‭ ‬Tapinocephalidae.
Species: S.‭ ‬whaitsi‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: About‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long,‭ ‬skull about‭ ‬50‭ ‬centimetres long.
Known locations: South Africa‭ ‬-‭ ‬Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone.
Time period: Capitanian of the Permian.
Fossil representation: Several individuals,‭ ‬including juveniles.

       Struthiocephalus is known from a fairly large number of individuals that represent various life stages and sexes,‭ ‬though originally these were broken up into distinct genera on the mistaken idea that the different growth stages and sexual dimorphism between specimens represented traits of different genera.‭ ‬What can be‭ ‬said about Struthiocephalus now is that the large number of remains attributed to‭ ‬the genus at‭ ‬least indicate that Struthiocephalus was quite successful.
       Struthiocephalus is noted for having a proportionately large head which actually accounts for about one sixth of the total body length.‭ ‬This is mostly down to an elongated snout which has been speculated as a feeding adaptation for Struthiocephalus.‭ ‬One idea is that the long snout allowed Struthiocephalus to reach into water and pull out soft aquatic plants.‭ ‬There is even further speculation on this theory in that the bone surface around the nostrils seems to show support for a muscular valve that would have closed off the nostrils when Struthiocephalus reached under the water.

Further reading
-‭ ‬New genera and species of tetrapods from the Karroo Beds of South Africa.‭ ‬Journal of Paleontology‭ ‬11‭(‬7‭)‬:613-619‭ ‬.‭ ‬-‭ ‬E.‭ ‬C.‭ ‬Olsen‭ & ‬R.‭ ‬Broom‭ ‬-‭ ‬1937.


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