Named By: Edward Drinker Cope - 1868.
Classification: Chordata, Amphibia, Lepospondyli, Nectridea, Urocordylidae.
Species: S. bairdi, S. longidentata, S. pectinata, S. scalaris.
Known locations: USA.
Time period: Carboniferous.
Fossil representation: Several specimens.
was a small lepospondyl amphibian that had a long, narrow body and
tail, with only relatively small limbs. As such Sauropleura
probably more at home in the water where it uses its limbs and thin
body to navigate through submerged aquatic plants as it hunted for
invertebrates, though it is not entirely out of the question that
it could have left the water.
A previous species of Sauropleura known as S. longipes was renamed as a new genus in 1976 as Anthracodromeus.
- Synopsis of the Extinct Batrachia of North America, Edward Drinker Cope - 1868.