Phiomia

Name: Phiomia ‭(‬Named after the Faiyum of Egypt‭).
Phonetic: Fee-o-my-ah.
Named By: C.‭ ‬W.‭ ‬Andrews‭ & ‬H.‭ ‬J.‭ ‬L.‭ ‬Beadnell‭ ‬-‭ ‬1902.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Proboscidea,‭ ‬Phiomiidae.
Species: P.‭ ‬serridens‭ (‬type‭)‬,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬major.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: Up to‭ ‬2.5‭ ‬meters high at the shoulder.
Known locations: Egypt‭ ‬-‭ ‬Gebel Qatrani Formation.‭ ‬Ethiopia.‭ ‬Libya.
Time period: Priarbonian of the Eocene through to the Rupelian of the Oligocene.
Fossil representation: Several individuals.

       Phiomia was a primitive proboscean of the Eocene/Oligocene that was still quite similar in appearance to a modern elephant.‭ ‬One of the key features about Phiomia was the lower mouth where two tusks grew forwards into a shovel-like structure.‭ ‬This may have been used to shovel up plants from out of the ground,‭ ‬or perhaps even to strip bark off of trees.‭ ‬Phiomia likely had a trunk,‭ ‬however there is some uncertainty as to exactly how long this trunk would have been.

Further reading
-‭ ‬A preliminary note on some new mammals from the Upper Eocene of Egypt.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Survey Department,‭ ‬Public Works Ministry,‭ ‬Egypt.‭ ‬-‭ ‬C.‭ ‬W.‭ ‬Andrews‭ & ‬H.‭ ‬J.‭ ‬L.‭ ‬Beadnell‭ ‬-‭ ‬1902.
-‭ ‬New large−bodied mammals from the late Oligocene site of Chilga,‭ ‬Ethiopia.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Acta Palaeontologica Polonica‭ ‬49‭(‬3‭)‬:365-392.‭ ‬-‭ ‬W.‭ ‬Sanders,‭ ‬J.‭ ‬Kappelman‭ & ‬D.‭ ‬T.‭ ‬Rasmussen‭ ‬-‭ ‬2004.



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