Parasuchus

Name: Parasuchus ‭(‬near crocodile‭)‬.
Phonetic: Pah-rah-soo-kus.
Named By: Richard Lydekker‭ ‬-‭ ‬1885.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Sauropsida,‭ ‬Phytosauria.
Species: P.‭ ‬hislopi‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Carnivore/Piscivore.
Size: Roughly about‭ ‬2.4‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: India,‭ ‬Andhra Pradesh‭ ‬-‭ ‬Lower Maleri Formation,‭ ‬and Madhya Pradesh‭ ‬-‭ ‬Tiki Formation.
Time period: Carnian to Norian of the Triassic.
Fossil representation: Remains of several individuals ranging from disarticulated isolated remains to articulated skeletons.

       The early days of the formal classification of the phytosaur Parasuchus are a little muddy to say the least.‭ ‬The original description of the genus later turned out to be a‭ ‘‬chimera‭’‬,‭ ‬meaning that the remains described were of two different animals described as one,‭ ‬in this case a phytosaur and a rhynchosaur.‭ ‬When the German palaeontologist Freidrich von Huene discovered that the braincase of the remains belonged to a rhynchosaur genus named Paradapedon‭ (‬itself now a synonym to Hyperodapedon‭)‬,‭ ‬study of Parasuchus began to be clearer,‭ ‬especially with the advent of new Parasuchus individuals later in the twentieth century.‭ ‬On a quick side note,‭ ‬the name Parasuchus actually first appeared in print in‭ ‬1870‭ ‬in a list written by Thomas Huxley,‭ ‬but because there was no formal description for what it was,‭ ‬Richard Lydekker was still able to use the name in‭ ‬1885.
       Parasuchus is now known by much more complete skeletal remains,‭ ‬and these indicated that Parasuchus was a particularly primitive genus in terms of physical development.‭ ‬The known temporal range of the genus in the late Triassic however indicates that Parasuchus was also a late surviving form since other more advanced genera of phytosaurs are known to have been living at the same time as this genus.
       The phytosaurs were analogous to today‭’‬s crocodiles in their ecological niche,‭ ‬though technically they are not related to them.‭ ‬Because they are always found in what were semi-aquatic environments,‭ ‬phytosaurs like Parasuchus are expected to have been predators lurking in the water of river systems and lakes,‭ ‬occasionally basking on the edges.‭ ‬The description of the protosaur genus Malerisaurus was born out of the discovery of two almost complete individuals that were believed to have been the stomach contents of two Parasuchus.‭ ‬This has indicated that Parasuchus included more advanced vertebrates into its diet and not just fish.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Maleri and Denwa Reptilia and Amphibia‭ ‬-‭ ‬Palaeontology Indica‭ ‬1:‭ ‬1‭–‬38.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Richard Lydekker‭ ‬-‭ ‬1885.
-‭ ‬A primitive parasuchid‭ (‬phytosaur‭) ‬reptile from the Upper Triassic Maleri Formation of India‭ ‬-‭ ‬Palaeontology‭ ‬21‭ (‬1‭)‬:‭ ‬83‭–‬127.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Sankar Chatterjee‭ ‬-‭ ‬1978.
-‭ ‬Malerisaurus,‭ ‬A New Eosuchian Reptile from the Late Triassic of India‭ ‬-‭ ‬Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London,‭ ‬Series B‭ ‬291:‭ ‬163‭–‬200.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Sankar Chatterjee‭ ‬-‭ ‬1980.
-‭ ‬The Early Evolution of Archosaurs:‭ ‬Relationships and the Origin of Major Clades‭ ‬-‭ ‬Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History‭ ‬352:‭ ‬1‭–‬292.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Sterling J.‭ ‬Nesbitt‭ ‬-‭ ‬2011.


----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Random favourites