Panthera gombaszoegensis
a.k.a.‭ ‬European Jaguar

Name: Panthera gombaszoegensis.
Phonetic: Pan-fe-rah gom-bas-zo-e-jen-sis.
Named By: Miklós Kretzoi‭ ‬-‭ ‬1938.
Synonyms: Leo gombaszoegensis.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Carnivora,‭ ‬Felidae.
Species: P.‭ ‬gombaszoegensis‭ (‬type‭)
Diet: Carnivore.
Size: Up to about‭ ‬90‭ ‬centimetres high at the shoulder.
Known locations: Belgium.‭ ‬Bulgaria.‭ ‬Croatia.‭ ‬Czech Republic.‭ ‬England‭ ‬-‭ ‬Cromer Forest Bed Formation.‭ ‬France.‭ ‬Georgia.‭ ‬Germany.‭ ‬Greece.‭ ‬Hungary.‭ ‬Israel‭ ‬-‭ ‬Ubeidiya Formation.‭ ‬Italy.‭ ‬Saudi Arabia.‭ ‬Spain.‭ ‬Tajikistan.‭ ‬Tanzania‭ ‬-‭ ‬Vogel River Series Formation.
Time period: Piacenzian of the Pliocene through to the early Holocene.
Fossil representation: Multiple individuals.

       Panthera gombaszoegensis,‭ ‬better known as the European Jaguar is an extinct species of jaguar that once lived across Europe,‭ ‬though earlier fossils from the Pliocene are known from Tanzania.‭ ‬This hints at an African origin for the European Jaguar,‭ ‬supported by the presence of fossils in the Middle East,‭ ‬showing a progression towards modern Central Asian territories such as Tajikistan and up towards Greece and across Europe later on.‭
       Most reconstructions of the European Jaguar are based mostly upon observation of living jaguars today which are solitary hunters that live in forests/jungles.‭ ‬However,‭ ‬we cannot be absolutely certain that the European Jaguar only frequented forests.‭

Further reading
-‭ ‬Nachweis des Jaguars‭ (‬Panthera onca gombaszoegensis‭) ‬aus dem späten Unter-‭ ‬oder frühen Mittelpleistozän der Niederlande.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Deinsea,‭ ‬Annual of the Natural History Museum Rotterdam.‭ ‬P.‭ ‬47-57.‭ ‬-‭ ‬H.‭ ‬Hemmer‭ & ‬R.-D Kahlke‭ ‬-‭ ‬2005.
-‭ ‬New record of the European jaguar,‭ ‬Panthera onca gombaszoegensis‭ (‬Kretzoi,‭ ‬1938‭)‬,‭ ‬from the Plio-Pleistocene of Langenboom‭ (‬The Netherlands‭)‬.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Cainozoic Research‭ ‬8‭ (‬1-2‭)‬:‭ ‬35‭–‬40.‭ ‬Retrieved‭ ‬2015-09-28.‭ ‬-‭ ‬D.‭ ‬Mol,‭ ‬W.‭ ‬van Logchem‭ & ‬J.‭ ‬de Vos‭ ‬-‭ ‬2011.
- Presence of Panthera gombaszoegensis (Kretzoi, 1938) in the late Middle Pleistocene of Biśnik Cave, Poland, with an overview of Eurasian jaguar size variability. - Quaternary International. 326–327: 105–113. - A. Marciszak - 2014.


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