Panochthus

Name: Panochthus.
Phonetic: Pan-ok-fus.
Named By: Burmeister‭ ‬-‭ ‬1866.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Mammalia,‭ ‬Cingulata,‭ ‬Chlamyphoridae,‭ ‬Glyptodontinae.
Species: P.‭ ‬bullifer‭ (‬type‭?)‬,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬frenzelianus,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬greslebini,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬hipsilis,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬intermedius,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬morenoi,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬subintermedius,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬trouessarti,‭ ‬P.‭ ‬tuberculatus.
Diet: Herbivore.
Size: Up to‭ ‬3‭ ‬meters long.
Known locations: Argentina.‭ ‬Bolivia.‭ ‬Brazil.‭ ‬Paraguay.‭ ‬Peru.‭ ‬Uruguay.
Time period: Pliocene to Pleistocene.
Fossil representation: Remains of many individuals.




       Panochthus is a genus of glyptodont that lived across much of South America during the Pleistocene.‭ ‬Like some of its relatives,‭ ‬Panochthus was a large herbivore with bony armour plates that grew into a dome like structure over its back.‭ ‬The tail was also covered by bony armoured bands.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Contribución al conocimiento de los mamíferos fósiles de la República Argentina‭ [‬Contribution to the knowledge of the fossil mammals of the Argentine Republic‭]‬.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Actas de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias de la República Argentina en Córdoba‭ ‬6:xxxii-1027.‭ ‬-‭ ‬F.‭ ‬Ameghino‭ ‬-‭ ‬1889.
-‭ ‬Contributions to a knowledge of the fossil vertebrates of Argentina.‭ ‬II.‭ ‬2.‭ ‬The extinct edentates of Argentina.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Anales del Museo de La Plata.‭ ‬Paleontología Argentina‭ ‬3:1-118.‭ ‬-‭ ‬R.‭ ‬Lydekker‭ ‬-‭ ‬1894.
-‭ ‬An enigmatic and large-sized specimen of Panochthus‭ (‬Glyptodontidae,‭ “‬Panochthini‭”) ‬from the Ensenadan‭ (‬Early-Middle Pleistocene‭) ‬of the Pampean region,‭ ‬ArgentinaUn enigmático gran ejemplar de Panochthus‭ (‬Glyptodontidae,‭ “‬Panochthini‭”) ‬del Ensenadense‭ (‬Pleistoceno Temprano-Medio‭) ‬de la región pampeana de Argentina.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad.‭ ‬Volume‭ ‬84,‭ ‬Issue‭ ‬3‭ ‬p847-854.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Martin Zamorano,‭ ‬Gustavo Juan Scillato-Yané‭ & ‬Alfredo Eduardo Zurita‭ ‬-‭ ‬2013.
-‭ ‬A new species of Panochthus Burmeister‭ (‬Xenarthra,‭ ‬Cingulata,‭ ‬Glyptodontidae‭) ‬from the Pleistocene of the Eastern Cordillera,‭ ‬Bolivia.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Historical Biology.‭ ‬0‭ (‬8‭)‬:‭ ‬1076‭–‬1088.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Alfredo Eduardo Zurita,‭ ‬Martin Zamorano,‭ ‬Gustavo Juan Scillato-Yané,‭ ‬Sergio Fidel,‭ ‬Martin iriondo‭ & ‬David D.‭ ‬Gillette.‭ ‬-‭ ‬2017.



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