Name: Palvennia.
Phonetic: Pal-ven-ne-ah.
Named By: Patrick S.‭ ‬Druckenmiller,‭ ‬Jørn H.‭ ‬Hurum,‭ ‬Espen M.‭ ‬Knutsen‭ & ‬Hans Arne Nakrem‭ ‬-‭ ‬2012.
Classification: Chordata,‭ ‬Reptilia,‭ ‬Ichthyosauria,‭ ‬Ophthalmosauridae.
Species: P.‭ ‬hoybergeti‭ (‬type‭)‬.
Diet: Piscivore.
Size: Skull‭ ‬86‭ centimetres long.‭ ‬Total body length unknown due to lack of remains.
Known locations: Svalbard‭ ‬-‭ ‬Agardhfjellet Formation.
Time period: Tithonian of the Jurassic.
Fossil representation: Single skull.

       Palvennia is a genus of ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaur that is noted for having a very short rostrum.‭ ‬The orbit‭ (‬skull opening for the eye‭)‬ also seems quite large,‭ ‬though‭ ‬the original describers have noted that this may be due to the specimen being crushed while it was being fossilised.‭ ‬Ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaurs are noted for having large eyes however,‭ ‬especially when you consider that the name of the type genus of the group Ophthalmosaurus translates to English as‭ ‘‬eye lizard‭’‬.

Further reading
-‭ ‬Two new ophthalmosaurids‭ (‬Reptilia:‭ ‬Ichthyosauria‭) ‬from the Agardhfjellet Formation‭ (‬Upper Jurassic:‭ ‬Volgian/Tithonian‭)‬,‭ ‬Svalbard,‭ ‬Norway‭ ‬-‭ ‬Norwegian Journal of Geology‭ ‬92‭ (‬2-3‭)‬:‭ ‬311‭–‬339.‭ ‬-‭ ‬Patrick S.‭ ‬Druckenmiller,‭ ‬Jørn H.‭ ‬Hurum,‭ ‬Espen M.‭ ‬Knutsen‭ & ‬Hans Arne Nakrem‭ ‬-‭ ‬2012.


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